CSR and Leadership
Good leaders are made not born. If you have the desire and willpower, you can become an effective leader. Good leaders develop through a never-ending process of self-study, education, training, and experience. This guide will help you through that process.
The concept of leadership
When we consider the attributes of a good leader it is very common to come up with a list of the qualities which a good leader should have such a list might look as:
those most concerned with performance of the task in hand will seek to get it done by assign the carrying out of it to their subordinates telling
With concern for their relationship with their subordinates they will seek to persuade them to undertake the task in hand selling.
Styles of Leadership
The qualities of leadership are not fixed but rather that they depend upon the people involved, and their respective personalities. Good leadership depends upon the interaction between the leader and the led, but it depends upon more than this. It also depends upon the situation.
Organizational culture and leadership style
Different styles of leadership will work better in different cultures, we need to think about this firstly in terms of the structure of the organization and it is possible to classify organizations according to their structure in a number of different ways. There are two types of organizational cultures:
where the structure is focused around the completion of the tasks which need to be undertaken. Thus an organization structured into departments such as Accounting, Production and Marketing would normally be a utilitarian structure.
where the culture of the organization is focused upon a shared vision which all members of the organization buy into. For this type of culture the structure is largely irrelevant as it is the vision which prevails. Many of the new dot com companies have this type of culture.
Hierarchical where the organization and the people within it are organized into lines of responsibility reaching upwards and downwards in the organization.
Functional where the organization is organized according to the functions to be performed.
Matrix where the organization has a mix of hierarchy and functionality to meet the needs of particular tasks. Thus a person may have two sets of responsibilities – a functional one depending upon his / her area of specialism (eg accounting or IT) and a task one – eg the implementation of a new project which requires a multi-disciplinary team.
Individual where people work largely on their own and only joint together into an organization for administrative convenience. Examples of this type of organization would be the doctors in a health centre of barristers in a practice.