Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, also known as RPWD Act, 2016.

RPWD-ACT-2016.
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No. 59]NEW DELHI,WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 28, 2016/PAUSHA 07, 1938 (SAKA)
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MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE
(Legislative Department)
New Delhi, the28th December, 2016/Pausha17, 1938 (Saka)
The following Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the27th December, 2016, and is hereby published for general information:—
THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 2016
(NO. 49OF2016)
[27th December, 2016]
An Act to give effect to the United Nations Convention on the Rights ofPersons with Disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidentalthereto.
WHEREAShe United Nations General Assembly adopted its Convention on the Rightsof Persons with Disabilities on the 13th day of December, 2006;
ANDWHEREASthe aforesaid Convention lays down the following principles forempowerment of persons with disabilities,—
(a) respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom tomake one’s own choices, and independence of persons;
(b) non-discrimination;
(c) full and effective participation and inclusion in society;
(d) respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part ofhuman diversity and humanity;
Short title andcommencement.
Definitions.
(e) equality of opportunity;(f)accessibility;
(g) equality between men and women;
(h) respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respectfor the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities;
ANDWHEREASIndia is a signatory to the said Convention;
ANDWHEREASIndia ratified the said Convention on the 1st day of October, 2007;ANDWHEREASit is considered necessary to implement the Convention aforesaid.
BEit enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-seventh Year of the Republic of India asfollows:—
CHAPTER IPRELIMINARY
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1.(1) This Act may be called the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.
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(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notificationin the Official Gazette, appoint.
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2.In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—
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(a) “appellate authority” means an authority notified under sub-section (3) ofsection 14 or sub-section (1) of section 53 or designated under sub-section
(1) ofsection 59, as the case may be;
(b) “appropriate Government” means,—
(i) in relation to the Central Government or any establishment wholly orsubstantially financed by that Government, or a Cantonment Board constitutedunder
the Cantonments Act, 2006, the Central Government;
(ii) in relation to a State Government or any establishment, wholly orsubstantially financed by that Government, or any local authority, other than aCantonment
Board, the State Government.
(c) “barrier’’ means any factor including communicational, cultural, economic,environmental, institutional, political, social, attitudinal or structural
factors whichhampers the full and effective participation of persons with disabilities in society;
(d) “care-giver” means any person including parents and other family Memberswho with or without payment provides care, support or assistance to a person
withdisability;
(e) “certifying authority” means an authority designated under sub-section (1)of section 57;
(f) “communication” includes means and formats of communication, languages,display of text, Braille, tactile communication, signs, large print, accessible
multimedia,written, audio, video, visual displays, sign language, plain-language, human-reader,augmentative and alternative modes and accessible information
and communicationtechnology;
(g) “competent authority” means an authority appointed under section 49;
(h) “discrimination” in relation to disability, means any distinction, exclusion,restriction on the basis of disability which is the purpose or effect
of impairing ornullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise on an equal basis with others of allhuman rights and fundamental freedoms in the political,
economic, social, cultural, civilor any other field and includes all forms of discrimination and denial of reasonableaccommodation;
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41 of 2006.
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18 of 2013.
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41 of 2006.
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(i) “establishment” includes a Government establishment and privateestablishment;
(j) “Fund” means the National Fund constituted under section 86;
(k) “Government establishment” means a corporation established by or under aCentral Act or State Act or an authority or a body owned or controlled or aided
by theGovernment or a local authority or a Government company as defined in section 2 ofthe Companies Act, 2013 and includes a Department of the Government;
(l) “high support” means an intensive support, physical, psychological andotherwise, which may be required by a person with benchmark disability for dailyactivities,
to take independent and informed decision to access facilities andparticipating in all areas of life including education, employment, family and communitylife
and treatment and therapy;
(m) “inclusive education” means a system of education wherein students withand without disability learn together and the system of teaching and learning
is suitablyadapted to meet the learning needs of different types of students with disabilities;
(n) “information and communication technology” includes all services andinnovations relating to information and communication, including telecom services,web
based services, electronic and print services, digital and virtual services;
(o) “institution” means an institution for the reception, care, protection, education,training, rehabilitation and any other activities for persons with
disabilities;
(p) “local authority” means a Municipality or a Panchayat, as defined in clause(e)and clause (f) of article 243P of the Constitution; a Cantonment Board
constitutedunder the Cantonments Act, 2006; and any other authority established under an Actof Parliament or a State Legislature to administer the civic
affairs;
(q) “notification” means a notification published in the Official Gazette and theexpression “notify” or “notified” shall be construed accordingly;
(r) “person with benchmark disability” means a person with not less than fortyper cent. of a specified disability where specified disability has not been
defined inmeasurable terms and includes a person with disability where specified disability hasbeen defined in measurable terms, as certified by the certifying
authority;
(s) “person with disability” means a person with long term physical, mental,intellectual or sensory impairment which, in interaction with barriers, hinders
his fulland effective participation in society equally with others;
(t) “person with disability having high support needs” means a person withbenchmark disability certified under clause (a) of sub-section(2) of section
58 whoneeds high support;
(u) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(v) “private establishment” means a company, firm, cooperative or other society,associations, trust, agency, institution, organisation, union, factory
or such otherestablishment as the appropriate Government may, by notification, specify;
(w) “public building” means a Government or private building, used or accessedby the public at large, including a building used for educational or vocational
purposes,workplace, commercial activities, public utilities, religious, cultural, leisure or recreationalactivities, medical or health services, law enforcement
agencies, reformatories or judicialforas, railway stations or platforms, roadways bus stands or terminus, airports orwaterways;
(x) “public facilities and services” includes all forms of delivery of services tothe public at large, including housing, educational and vocational trainings,
employment
Equality andnon-discrimination.
and career advancement, shopping or marketing, religious, cultural, leisure orrecreational, medical, health and rehabilitation, banking, finance and insurance,communication,
postal and information, access to justice, public utilities, transportation;
(y) “reasonable accommodation” means necessary and appropriate modificationand adjustments, without imposing a disproportionate or undue burden in a particularcase,
to ensure to persons with disabilities the enjoyment or exercise of rights equallywith others;
(z) “registered organisation” means an association of persons with disabilitiesor a disabled person organisation, association of parents of persons with
disabilities,association of persons with disabilities and family members, or a voluntary ornon-governmental or charitable organisation or trust, society,
or non-profit companyworking for the welfare of the persons with disabilities, duly registered under an Act ofParliament or a State Legislature;
(za) “rehabilitation” refers to a process aimed at enabling persons with disabilitiesto attain and maintain optimal, physical, sensory, intellectual, psychologicalenvironmental
or social function levels;
(zb) “Special Employment Exchange” means any office or place established andmaintained by the Government for the collection and furnishing of information,
eitherby keeping of registers or otherwise, regarding—
(i) persons who seek to engage employees from amongst the persons withdisabilities;
(ii) persons with benchmark disability who seek employment;
(iii) vacancies to which persons with benchmark disabilities seekingemployment may be appointed;
(zc) “specified disability” means the disabilities as specified in the Schedule;
(zd) “transportation systems” includes road transport, rail transport, air transport,water transport, para transit systems for the last mile connectivity,
road and streetinfrastructure, etc.;
(ze) “universal design” means the design of products, environments, programmesand services to be usable by all people to the greatest extent possible,
without theneed for adaptation or specialised design and shall apply to assistive devices includingadvanced technologies for particular group of persons
with disabilities.
CHAPTER IIRIGHTSANDENTITLEMENTS
3.(1) The appropriate Government shall ensure that the persons with disabilitiesenjoy the right to equality, life with dignity and respect for his or her
integrity equally withothers.
(2) The appropriate Government shall take steps to utilise the capacity of personswith disabilities by providing appropriate environment.
(3) No person with disability shall be discriminated on the ground of disability, unlessit is shown that the impugned act or omission is a proportionate
means of achieving alegitimate aim.
(4) No person shall be deprived of his or her personal liberty only on the ground ofdisability.
(5) The appropriate Government shall take necessary steps to ensure reasonableaccommodation for persons with disabilities.
4.(1) The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take measures toensure that the women and children with disabilities enjoy their rights
equally with others.
(2) The appropriate Government and local authorities shall ensure that all children withdisabilities shall have right on an equal basis to freely express
their views on all mattersaffecting them and provide them appropriate support keeping in view their age and disability.”.
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5.(1)The persons with disabilities shall have the right to live in the community.
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(2) The appropriate Government shall endeavour that the persons with disabilitiesare,—
(a) not obliged to live in any particular living arrangement; and
(b) given access to a range of in-house, residential and other community supportservices, including personal assistance necessary to support living with
due regard toage and gender.
6.(1) The appropriate Government shall take measures to protect persons withdisabilities from being subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
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(2) No person with disability shall be a subject of any research without,—
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(i) his or her free and informed consent obtained through accessible modes,means and formats of communication; and
(ii) prior permission of a Committee for Research on Disability constituted in theprescribed manner for the purpose by the appropriate Government in which
not lessthan half of the Members shall themselves be either persons with disabilities or Membersof the registered organisation as defined under clause
(z)of section 2.
7.(1) The appropriate Government shall take measures to protect persons withdisabilities from all forms of abuse, violence and exploitation and to prevent
the same,shall—
(a) take cognizance of incidents of abuse, violence and exploitation and providelegal remedies available against such incidents;
(b) take steps for avoiding such incidents and prescribe the procedure for itsreporting;
(c) take steps to rescue, protect and rehabilitate victims of such incidents; and(d) create awareness and make available information among the public.
(2) Any person or registered organisation who or which has reason to believe that anact of abuse, violence or exploitation has been, or is being, or is
likely to be committedagainst any person with disability, may give information about it to the Executive Magistratewithin the local limits of whose jurisdiction
such incidents occur.
(3) The Executive Magistrate on receipt of such information, shall take immediatesteps to stop or prevent its occurrence, as the case may be, or pass such
order as he deemsfit for the protection of such person with disability including an order—
(a) to rescue the victim of such act, authorising the police or any organisationworking for persons with disabilities to provide for the safe custody or
rehabilitationof such person, or both, as the case may be;
(b) for providing protective custody to the person with disability, if such personso desires;
(c) to provide maintenance to such person with disability.
(4) Any police officer who receives a complaint or otherwise comes to know of abuse,violence or exploitation towards any person with disability shall inform
the aggrieved personof—
Women andchildren withdisabilities.
Communitylife.
Protectionfrom crueltyand inhumantreatment.
Protectionfrom abuse,violence andexploitation.
Protection andsafety.
Home andfamily.
Reproductiverights.
Accessibilityin voting.
Accessto justice.
(a) his or her right to apply for protection under sub-section (2) and the particularsof the Executive Magistrate having jurisdiction to provide assistance;
(b) the particulars of the nearest organisation or institution working for therehabilitation of persons with disabilities;
(c) the right to free legal aid; and
(d) the right to file a complaint under the provisions of this Act or any other lawdealing with such offence:
Provided that nothing in this section shall be construed in any manner as to relievethe police officer from his duty to proceed in accordance with law
upon receipt of informationas to the commission of a cognizable offence.
(5) If the Executive Magistrate finds that the alleged act or behaviour constitutes anoffence under the Indian Penal Code, or under any other law for the
time being in force, hemay forward the complaint to that effect to the Judicial or Metropolitan Magistrate, as thecase may be, having jurisdiction in the
matter.
8.(1)The persons with disabilities shall have equal protection and safety in situationsof risk, armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters.
(2) The National Disaster Management Authority and the State Disaster ManagementAuthority shall take appropriate measures to ensure inclusion of persons
with disabilities inits disaster management activities as defined under clause (e) of section 2 of the DisasterManagement Act,2005 for the safety and protection
of persons with disabilities.
(3) The District Disaster Management Authority constituted under section 25 of theDisaster Management Act, 2005 shall maintain record of details of persons
with disabilities inthe district and take suitable measures to inform such persons of any situations of risk so asto enhance disaster preparedness.
(4) The authorities engaged in reconstruction activities subsequent to any situationof risk, armed conflict or natural disasters shall undertake such activities,
in consultationwith the concerned State Commissioner, in accordance with the accessibility requirements ofpersons with disabilities.
9.(1) No child with disability shall be separated from his or her parents on the groundof disability except on an order of competent court, if required,
in the best interest of thechild.
(2) Where the parents are unable to take care of a child with disability, the competentcourt shall place such child with his or her near relations, and
failing that within the communityin a family setting or in exceptional cases in shelter home run by the appropriate Governmentor non-governmental organisation,
as may be required.
10.(1)The appropriate Government shall ensure that persons with disabilities haveaccess to appropriate information regarding reproductive and family planning.
(2) No person with disability shall be subject to any medical procedure which leads toinfertility without his or her free and informed consent.

The Election Commission of India and the State Election Commissions shall ensurethat all polling stations are accessible to persons with disabilities
and all materials related tothe electoral process are easily understandable by and accessible to them.
12.(1)The appropriate Government shall ensure that persons with disabilities are ableto exercise the right to access any court, tribunal, authority, commission
or any other bodyhaving judicial or quasi-judicial or investigative powers without discrimination on the basisof disability.
(2) The appropriate Government shall take steps to put in place suitable supportmeasures for persons with disabilities specially those living outside family
and those disabledrequiring high support for exercising legal rights.
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45 of 1860.
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53 of 2005.
53 of 2005.
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39 of 1987.
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(3) The National Legal Services Authority and the State Legal Services Authoritiesconstituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 shall make
provisions includingreasonable accommodation to ensure that persons with disabilities have access to anyscheme, programme, facility or service offered
by them equally with others.
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(4) The appropriate Government shall take steps to—
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(a) ensure that all their public documents are in accessible formats;
(b) ensure that the filing departments, registry or any other office of records aresupplied with necessary equipment to enable filing, storing and referring
to thedocuments and evidence in accessible formats; and
(c) make available all necessary facilities and equipment to facilitate recordingof testimonies, arguments or opinion given by persons with disabilities
in their preferredlanguage and means of communication.
13.(1) The appropriate Government shall ensure that the persons with disabilitieshave right, equally with others, to own or inherit property, movable or
immovable, controltheir financial affairs and have access to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financialcredit.
(2) The appropriate Government shall ensure that the persons with disabilities enjoylegal capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life
and have the right to equalrecognition everywhere as any other person before the law.
(3) When a conflict of interest arises between a person providing support and aperson with disability in a particular financial, property or other economic
transaction, thensuch supporting person shall abstain from providing support to the person with disability inthat transaction:
Provided that there shall not be a presumption of conflict of interest just on the basisthat the supporting person is related to the person with disability
by blood, affinity oradoption.
(4) A person with disability may alter, modify or dismantle any support arrangementand seek the support of another:
Provided that such alteration, modification or dismantling shall be prospective innature and shall not nullify any third party transaction entered into
by the person withdisability with the aforesaid support arrangement.
(5) Any person providing support to the person with disability shall not exerciseundue influence and shall respect his or her autonomy, dignity and privacy.
14.(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being inforce, on and from the date of commencement of this Act, where a district
court or anydesignated authority, as notified by the State Government, finds that a person with disability,who had been provided adequate and appropriate
support but is unable to take legallybinding decisions, may be provided further support of a limited guardian to take legallybinding decisions on his behalf
in consultation with such person, in such manner, as may beprescribed by the State Government:
Provided that the District Court or the designated authority, as the case may be, maygrant total support to the person with disability requiring such support
or where the limitedguardianship is to be granted repeatedly, in which case, the decision regarding the supportto be provided shall be reviewed by the
Court or the designated authority, as the case maybe, to determine the nature and manner of support to be provided.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section, “limited guardianship” means asystem of joint decision which operates on mutual understanding and trust
between the guardianand the person with disability, which shall be limited to a specific period and for specific decisionand situation and shall operate
in accordance to the will of the person with disability.
Legal capacity.
Provision forguardianship.
Designation ofauthorities tosupport.
Duty ofeducationalinstitutions.
Specificmeasures topromote andfacilitateinclusiveeducation.
(2) On and from the date of commencement of this Act, every guardian appointedunder any provision of any other law for the time being in force, for a person
with disabilityshall be deemed to function as a limited guardian.
(3) Any person with disability aggrieved by the decision of the designated authorityappointing a legal guardian may prefer an appeal to such appellate
authority, as may benotified by the State Government for the purpose.
15.(1) The appropriate Government shall designate one or more authorities to mobilisethe community and create social awareness to support persons with
disabilities in exercise oftheir legal capacity.
(2) The authority designated under sub-section (1) shall take measures for setting upsuitable support arrangements to exercise legal capacity by persons
with disabilities living ininstitutions and those with high support needs and any other measures as may be required.
CHAPTER IIIEDUCATION
16.Theappropriate Government and the local authorities shall endeavourthat alleducational institutions funded or recognised by them provide inclusive education
to thechildren with disabilities and towards that end shall—
(i) admit them without discrimination and provide education and opportunitiesfor sports and recreation activities equally with others;
(ii) make building, campus and various facilities accessible;
(iii) provide reasonable accommodation according to the individual’srequirements;
(iv) provide necessary support individualised or otherwise in environments thatmaximise academic and social development consistent with the goal of full
inclusion;
(v) ensure that the education to persons who are blind or deaf or both is impartedin the most appropriate languages and modes and means of communication;
(vi) detect specific learning disabilities in children at the earliest and take suitablepedagogical and other measures to overcome them;
(vii) monitor participation, progress in terms of attainment levels and completionof education in respect of every student with disability;
(viii) provide transportation facilities to the children with disabilities and alsothe attendant of the children with disabilities having high support
needs.
17.The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take the followingmeasures for the purpose of section 16, namely:—
(a) to conduct survey of school going children in every five years for identifyingchildren with disabilities, ascertaining their special needs and the
extent to whichthese are being met:
Provided that the first survey shall be conducted within a period of two yearsfrom the date of commencement of this Act;
(b) to establish adequate number of teacher training institutions;
(c) to train and employ teachers, including teachers with disability who arequalified in sign language and Braille and also teachers who are trained in
teachingchildren with intellectual disability;
(d) to train professionals and staff to support inclusive education at all levels ofschool education;
(e) to establish adequate number of resource centres to support educationalinstitutions at all levels of school education;
(f) to promote the use of appropriate augmentative and alternative modes includingmeans and formats of communication, Braille and sign language to supplement
the useof one’s own speech to fulfill the daily communication needs of persons with speech,communication or language disabilities and enables them to participate
and contributeto their community and society;
(g) to provide books, other learning materials and appropriate assistive devicesto students with benchmark disabilities free of cost up to the age of eighteen
years;
(h) to provide scholarships in appropriate cases to students with benchmarkdisability;
(i) to make suitable modifications in the curriculum and examination system tomeet the needs of students with disabilities such as extra time for completion
ofexamination paper, facility of scribe or amanuensis, exemption from second and thirdlanguage courses;
(j) to promote research to improve learning; and(k) any other measures, as may be required.
18.The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take measures topromote, protect and ensure participation of persons with disabilities in
adult education andcontinuing education programmes equally with others.
CHAPTER IV
SKILLDEVELOPMENTANDEMPLOYMENT
19.(1) The appropriate Government shall formulate schemes and programmes includingprovision of loans at concessional rates to facilitate and support employment
of personswith disabilities especially for their vocational training and self-employment.
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(2) The schemes and programmes referred to in sub-section (1) shall provide for—
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(a) inclusion of person with disability in all mainstream formal and non-formalvocational and skill training schemes and programmes;
(b) to ensure that a person with disability has adequate support and facilities toavail specific training;
(c) exclusive skill training programmes for persons with disabilities with activelinks with the market, for those with developmental, intellectual, multiple
disabilitiesand autism;
(d) loans at concessional rates including that of microcredit;(e) marketing the products made by persons with disabilities; and
(f) maintenance of disaggregated data on the progress made in the skill trainingand self-employment, including persons with disabilities.
20.(1)No Government establishment shall discriminate against any person withdisability in any matter relating to employment:
Provided that the appropriate Government may, having regard to the type of workcarried on in any establishment, by notification and subject to such conditions,
if any,exempt any establishment from the provisions of this section.
(2) Every Government establishment shall provide reasonable accommodation andappropriate barrier free and conducive environment to employees with disability.
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(3) No promotion shall be denied to a person merely on the ground of disability.
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(4) No Government establishment shall dispense with or reduce in rank, an employeewho acquires a disability during his or her service:
Adulteducation.
Vocationaltraining andself-employment.
Non-discriminationinemployment.
Equalopportunitypolicy.
Maintenanceof records.
Appointmentof GrievanceRedressalOfficer.
Social security.
Provided that, if an employee after acquiring disability is not suitable for the post hewas holding, shall be shifted to some other post with the same
pay scale and service benefits:
Provided further that if it is not possible to adjust the employee against any post, hemay be kept on a supernumerary post until a suitable post is available
or he attains the ageof superannuation, whichever is earlier.
(5) The appropriate Government may frame policies for posting and transfer ofemployees with disabilities.
21.(1) Every establishment shall notify equal opportunity policy detailing measuresproposed to be taken by it in pursuance of the provisions of this Chapter
in the manner asmay be prescribed by the Central Government.
(2) Every establishment shall register a copy of the said policy with the ChiefCommissioner or the State Commissioner, as the case may be.
22.(1) Every establishment shall maintain records of the persons with disabilities inrelation to the matter of employment, facilities provided and other
necessary information incompliance with the provisions of this Chapter in such form and manner as may be prescribedby the Central Government.
(2) Every employment exchange shall maintain records of persons with disabilitiesseeking employment.
(3) The records maintained under sub-section (1) shall be open to inspection at allreasonable hours by such persons as may be authorised in their behalf
by the appropriateGovernment.
23.(1) Every Government establishment shall appoint a Grievance Redressal Officerfor the purpose of section 19 and shall inform the Chief Commissioner
or the StateCommissioner, as the case may be, about the appointment of such officer.
(2) Any person aggrieved with the non-compliance of the provisions of section 20,may file a complaint with the Grievance Redressal Officer, who shall investigate
it and shalltake up the matter with the establishment for corrective action.
(3) The Grievance Redressal Officer shall maintain a register of complaints in themanner as may be prescribed by the Central Government, and every complaint
shall beinquired within two weeks of its registration.
(4) If the aggrieved person is not satisfied with the action taken on his or her complaint,he or she may approach the District-Level Committee on disability.
CHAPTER V
SOCIALSECURITY,HEALTH,REHABILITATIONANDRECREATION
24.(1)Theappropriate Government shall within the limit of its economic capacity anddevelopment formulate necessary schemes and programmes to safeguard
and promote theright of persons with disabilities for adequate standard of living to enable them to liveindependently or in the community:
Provided that the quantum of assistance to the persons with disabilities under suchschemes and programmes shall be at least twenty-five per cent. higher
than the similarschemes applicable to others.
(2) The appropriate Government while devising these schemes and programmes shallgive due consideration to the diversity of disability, gender, age, and
socio-economic status.
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(3)The schemes under sub-section (1) shall provide for,—
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(a) community centres with good living conditions in terms of safety, sanitation,health care and counselling;
(b) facilities for persons including children with disabilities who have no familyor have been abandoned, or are without shelter or livelihood;
(c) support during natural or man-made disasters and in areas of conflict;
(d) support to women with disability for livelihood and for upbringing of theirchildren;
(e) access to safe drinking water and appropriate and accessible sanitationfacilities especially in urban slums and rural areas;
(f) provisions of aids and appliances, medicine and diagnostic services andcorrective surgery free of cost to persons with disabilities with such income
ceiling asmay be notified;
(g) disability pension to persons with disabilities subject to such income ceilingas may be notified;
(h) unemployment allowance to persons with disabilities registered with SpecialEmployment Exchange for more than two years and who could not be placed
in anygainful occupation;
(i) care-giver allowance to persons with disabilities with high support needs;
(j) comprehensive insurance scheme for persons with disability, not coveredunder the Employees State Insurance Schemes, or any other statutory or Government-sponsored
insurance schemes;
(k) any other matter which the appropriate Government may think fit.
25.(1) The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take necessarymeasures for the persons with disabilities to provide,—
(a) free healthcare in the vicinity specially in rural area subject to such familyincome as may be notified;
(b) barrier-free access in all parts of Government and private hospitals and otherhealthcare institutions and centres;
(c) priority in attendance and treatment.
(2) Theappropriate Government and the local authorities shall take measures andmake schemes or programmes to promote healthcare and prevent the occurrence
of disabilitiesand for the said purpose shall—
(a) undertake or cause to be undertaken surveys, investigations and researchconcerning the cause of occurrence of disabilities;
(b) promote various methods for preventing disabilities;
(c) screen all the children at least once in a year for the purpose of identifying“at-risk” cases;
(d) provide facilities for training to the staff at the primary health centres;(e) sponsor or cause to be sponsored awareness campaigns and disseminate
or
cause to be disseminated information for general hygiene, health and sanitation;(f) take measures for pre-natal, perinatal and post-natal care of mother
and child;
(g) educate the public through the pre-schools, schools, primary health centres,village level workers andanganwadiworkers;
(h) create awareness amongst the masses through television, radio and othermass media on the causes of disabilities and the preventive measures to be adopted;
(i) healthcare during the time of natural disasters and other situations of risk;
(j) essential medical facilities for life saving emergency treatment and procedures;and
(k) sexual and reproductive healthcare especially for women with disability.
26.The appropriate Government shall, by notification, make insurance schemes fortheir employees with disabilities.
27.(1)The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall within their economiccapacity and development, undertake or cause to be undertaken services
and programmes of
Healthcare.
Insuranceschemes.
Rehabilitation.
Research anddevelopment.
Cultureand
recreation.
Sportingactivities.
rehabilitation, particularly in the areas of health, education and employment for all personswith disabilities.
(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the appropriate Government and the localauthorities may grant financial assistance to non-Governmental Organisations.
(3) The appropriate Government and the local authorities, while formulatingrehabilitation policies shall consult the non-Governmental Organisations working
for thecause of persons with disabilities.
28.The appropriate Government shall initiate or cause to be initiated research anddevelopment through individuals and institutions on issues which shall
enhance habilitationand rehabilitation and on such other issues which are necessary for the empowerment ofpersons with disabilities.
29.The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall take measures to promoteand protect the rights of all persons with disabilities to have a
cultural life and to participatein recreational activities equally with others which include,—
(a) facilities, support and sponsorships to artists and writers with disability topursue their interests and talents;
(b) establishment of a disability history museum which chronicles and interpretsthe historical experiences of persons with disabilities;
(c) making art accessible to persons with disabilities;(d) promoting recreation centres, and other associational activities;
(e) facilitating participation in scouting, dancing, art classes, outdoor camps andadventure activities;
(f) redesigning courses in cultural and arts subjects to enable participation andaccess for persons with disabilities;
(g) developing technology, assistive devices and equipments to facilitate accessand inclusion for persons with disabilities in recreational activities;
and
(h) ensuring that persons with hearing impairment can have access to televisionprogrammes with sign language interpretation or sub-titles.
30.(1)Theappropriate Government shall take measures to ensure effective participationin sporting activities of the persons with disabilities.
(2) The sports authorities shall accord due recognition to the right of persons withdisabilities to participate in sports and shall make due provisions
for the inclusion of personswith disabilities in their schemes and programmes for the promotion and development ofsporting talents.
(3) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-sections (1) and (2), theappropriate Government and the sports authorities shall take measures
to,—
(a) restructure courses and programmes to ensure access, inclusion andparticipation of persons with disabilities in all sporting activities;
(b) redesign and support infrastructure facilities of all sporting activities forpersons with disabilities;
(c) develop technology to enhance potential, talent, capacity and ability insporting activities of all persons with disabilities;
(d) provide multi-sensory essentials and features in all sporting activities toensure effective participation of all persons with disabilities;
(e) allocate funds for development of state of art sport facilities for training ofpersons with disabilities;
(f) promote and organise disability specific sporting events for persons withdisabilities and also facilitate awards to the winners and other participants
of suchsporting events.
list of 1 items
35 of 2009.
list end
CHAPTER VI
SPECIALPROVISIONSFORPERSONSWITHBENCHMARKDISABIILITES
31.(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Rights of Children to Free andCompulsory Education Act, 2009, every child with benchmark disability between
the age ofsix to eighteen years shall have the right to free education in a neighbourhood school, or ina special school, of his choice.
(2) The appropriate Government and local authorities shall ensure that every childwith benchmark disability has access to free education in an appropriate
environment till heattains the age of eighteen years.
32.(1)All Government institutions of higher education and other higher educationinstitutions receiving aid from the Government shall reserve not less than
five per cent. seatsfor persons with benchmark disabilities.
(2) The persons with benchmark disabilities shall be given an upper age relaxation offive years for admission in institutions of higher education.
list of 1 items
33.The appropriate Government shall—
list end
(i) identify posts in the establishments which can be held by respective categoryof persons with benchmark disabilities in respect of the vacancies reserved
inaccordance with the provisions of section 34;
(ii) constitute an expert committee with representation of persons with benchmarkdisabilities for identification of such posts; and
(iii) undertake periodic review of the identified posts at an interval not exceedingthree years.
34.(1) Every appropriate Government shall appoint in every Government establishment,not less than four per cent. of the total number of vacancies in the
cadre strength in eachgroup of posts meant to be filled with persons with benchmark disabilities of which, one percent. each shall be reserved for persons
with benchmark disabilities under clauses (a), (b)and (c) and one per cent. for persons with benchmark disabilities under clauses (d) and (e),namely:—
(a) blindness and low vision;(b) deaf and hard of hearing;
(c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acidattack victims and muscular dystrophy;
(d) autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness;
(e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (d) includingdeaf-blindness in the posts identified for each disabilities:
Provided that the reservation in promotion shall be in accordance with such instructionsas are issued by the appropriate Government from time to time:
Provided further that the appropriate Government, in consultation with the ChiefCommissioner or the State Commissioner, as the case may be, may, having
regard to the typeof work carried out in any Government establishment, by notification and subject to suchconditions, if any, as may be specified in such
notifications exempt any Governmentestablishment from the provisions of this section.
(2) Where in any recruitment year any vacancy cannot be filled up due to non-availability of a suitable person with benchmark disability or for any other
sufficient reasons,such vacancy shall be carried forward in the succeeding recruitment year and if in thesucceeding recruitment year also suitable person
with benchmark disability is not available,it may first be filled by interchange among the five categories and only when there is noperson with disability
available for the post in that year, the employer shall fill up the vacancyby appointment of a person, other than a person with disability:
Freeeducation forchildren withbenchmarkdisabilities.
Reservationin highereducationalinstitutions.
Identificationof posts forreservation.
Reservation.
Incentives toemployers inprivate sector.
Specialemploymentexchange.
Specialschemes anddevelopmentprogrammes.
Specialprovisionsfor personswithdisabilitieswith highsupport.
Awarenesscampaigns.
Provided that if the nature of vacancies in an establishment is such that a givencategory of person cannot be employed, the vacancies may be interchanged
among the fivecategories with the prior approval of the appropriate Government.
(3) The appropriate Government may, by notification, provide for such relaxation ofupper age limit for employment of persons with benchmark disability,
as it thinks fit.
35.The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall, within the limit of theireconomic capacity and development, provide incentives to employer
in private sector toensure that at least five per cent. of their work force is composed of persons with benchmarkdisability.
36.The appropriate Government may, by notification, require that from such date, theemployer in every establishment shall furnish such information or return
as may be prescribedby the Central Government in relation to vacancies appointed for persons with benchmarkdisability that have occurred or are about to
occur in that establishment to such specialemployment exchange as may be notified by the Central Government and the establishmentshall thereupon comply
with such requisition.
37.The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall, by notification, makeschemes in favour of persons with benchmark disabilities, to provide,—
(a) five per cent. reservation in allotment of agricultural land and housing in allrelevant schemes and development programmes, with appropriate priority
to womenwith benchmark disabilities;
(b) five per cent. reservation in all poverty alleviation and various developmentalschemes with priority to women with benchmark disabilities;
(c) five per cent. reservation in allotment of land on concessional rate, wheresuch land is to be used for the purpose of promoting housing, shelter, setting
up of
occupation, business, enterprise, recreation centres and production centres.CHAPTER VII
SPECIALPROVISIONSFORPERSONSWITHDISABILITIESWITHHIGHSUPPORTNEEDS
38.(1) Any person with benchmark disability, who considers himself to be in need ofhigh support, or any person or organisation on his or her behalf, may
apply to an authority,tobe notified by the appropriate Government, requesting to provide high support.
(2) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the authority shall refer it to anAssessment Board consisting of such Members as may be prescribed
by the CentralGovernment.
(3) The Assessment Board shall assess the case referred to it under sub-section (1) insuch manner as may be prescribed by the Central Government, and shall
send a report to theauthority certifying the need of high support and its nature.
(4) On receipt of a report under sub-section (3), the authority shall take steps toprovide support in accordance with the report and subject to relevant
schemes and orders ofthe appropriate Government in this behalf.
CHAPTER VIII
DUTIESANDRESPONSIBILITIESOFAPPROPRIATEGOVERNMENTS
39.(1)The appropriate Government, in consultation with the Chief Commissioner orthe State Commissioner, as the case may be, shall conduct, encourage, support
or promoteawarenesscampaigns and sensitisation programmes to ensure that the rights of the personswith disabilities provided under this Act are protected.
list of 1 items
(2) The programmes and campaigns specified under sub-section (1) shall also,—(a) promote values of inclusion, tolerance, empathy and respect for diversity;(b)
advance recognition of the skills, merits and abilities of persons with
list end
disabilities and of their contributions to the workforce, labour market and professionalfee;
(c) foster respect for the decisions made by persons with disabilities on allmatters related to family life, relationships, bearing and raising children;
(d) provide orientation and sensitisation at the school, college, University andprofessional training level on the human condition of disability and the
rights ofpersons with disabilities;
(e) provide orientation and sensitisation on disabling conditions and rights ofpersons with disabilities to employers, administrators and co-workers;
(f) ensure that the rights of persons with disabilities are included in the curriculumin Universities, colleges and schools.
40.The Central Government shall, in consultation with the Chief Commissioner,formulate rules for persons with disabilities laying down the standards of
accessibility forthe physical environment, transportation, information and communications, includingappropriate technologies and systems, and other facilities
and services provided to thepublic in urban and rural areas.
list of 1 items
41.(1) The appropriate Government shall take suitable measures to provide,—
list end
(a) facilities for persons with disabilities at bus stops, railway stations andairports conforming to the accessibility standards relating to parking spaces,
toilets,ticketing counters and ticketing machines;
(b) access to all modes of transport that conform the design standards, includingretrofitting old modes of transport, wherever technically feasible and
safe for personswith disabilities, economically viable and without entailing major structural changes indesign;
(c) accessible roads to address mobility necessary for persons with disabilities.
(2)The appropriate Government shall develop schemes programmes to promote thepersonal mobility of persons with disabilities at affordable cost to provide
for,—
(a) incentives and concessions;(b) retrofitting of vehicles; and(c) personal mobility assistance.
list of 1 items
42.The appropriate Government shall take measures to ensure that,—
list end
(i) all contents available in audio, print and electronic media are in accessibleformat;
(ii) persons with disabilities have access to electronic media by providing audiodescription, sign language interpretation and close captioning;
(iii) electronic goods and equipment which are meant for every day use areavailable in universal design.
43.The appropriate Government shall take measures to promote development,production and distribution of universally designed consumer products and accessories
forgeneral use for persons with disabilities.
44.(1)No establishment shall be granted permission to build any structure if thebuilding plan does not adhere to the rules formulated by the Central Government
undersection 40.
(2) No establishment shall be issued a certificate of completion or allowed to takeoccupation of a building unless it has adhered to the rules formulated
by the CentralGovernment.
45.(1)All existing public buildings shall be made accessible in accordance with therules formulated by the Central Government within a period not exceeding
five years from thedate of notification of such rules:
Provided that the Central Government may grant extension of time to the States on acase to case basis for adherence to this provision depending on their
state of preparednessand other related parameters.
Accessibility.
Access totransport.
Access toinformationandcommunicationtechnology.
Consumergoods.
Mandatoryobservance ofaccessibilitynorms.
Time limitfor makingexistinginfrastructureand premisesaccessible andaction forthat purpose.
Time limitforaccessibilityby serviceproviders.
Humanresourcedevelopment.
Social audit.
Competentauthority.
Registration.
(2) The appropriate Government and the local authorities shall formulate and publishan action plan based on prioritisation, for providing accessibility
in all their buildings andspaces providing essential services such as all primary health centres, civil hospitals, schools,railway stations and bus stops.
46.The service providers whether Government or private shall provide services inaccordance with the rules on accessibility formulated by the Central Government
undersection 40 within a period of two years from the date of notification of such rules:
Provided that the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Commissionermay grant extension of time for providing certain category of services
in accordance with thesaid rules.
47.(1) Without prejudice to any function and power of Rehabilitation Council of Indiaconstituted under the Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992, the
appropriate Governmentshall endeavour to develop human resource for the purposes of this Act and to that endshall,—
(a) mandate training on disability rights in all courses for the training ofPanchayati Raj Members, legislators, administrators, police officials, judges
and lawyers;
(b) induct disability as a component for all education courses for schools, collegesand University teachers, doctors, nurses, para-medical personnel, social
welfare officers,rural development officers, asha workers,anganwadiworkers, engineers, architects,other professionals and community workers;
(c) initiate capacity building programmes including training in independent livingand community relationships for families, members of community and other
stakeholdersand care providers on care giving and support;
(d) ensure independence training for persons with disabilities to build communityrelationships on mutual contribution and respect;
(e) conduct training programmes for sports teachers with focus on sports, games,adventure activities;
(f) any other capacity development measures as may be required.
(2) All Universities shall promote teaching and research in disability studies includingestablishment of study centres for such studies.
(3) In order to fulfil the obligation stated in sub-section (1), the appropriate Governmentshall in every five years undertake a need based analysis and
formulate plans for therecruitment, induction, sensitisation, orientation and training of suitable personnel toundertake the various responsibilitiesunder
thisAct.
48.Theappropriate Government shall undertake social audit of all general schemesand programmes involving the persons with disabilities to ensure that the
scheme andprogrammes do not have an adverse impact upon the persons with disabilities and need therequirements and concerns of persons with disabilities.
CHAPTER IX
REGISTRATIONOFINSTITUTIONSFORPERSONSWITHDISABILITIESANDGRANTSTOSUCH
INSTITUTIONS
49.The State Government shall appoint an authority as it deems fit to be a competentauthority for the purposes of this Chapter.
50.Save as otherwise provided under this Act, no person shall establish or maintainany institution for persons with disabilities except in accordance with
a certificate ofregistration issued in this behalf by the competent authority:
Provided that an institution for care of mentally ill persons, which holds a valid licenceunder section 8 of the Mental Health Act, 1987 or any other Act
for the time being in force,shall not be required tobe registered underthis Act.
list of 1 items
34 of 1992.
list end
list of 1 items
14 of 1987.
list end
51.(1) Every application for a certificate of registration shall be made to the competentauthority in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed
by the State Government.
(2) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the competent authority shallmake such enquiries as it may deem fit and on being satisfied that
the applicant has compliedwith the requirements of this Act and the rules made thereunder,it shall grant a certificate ofregistration to the applicant
within a period of ninety days of receipt of application and if notsatisfied, the competent authority shall, by order, refuse to grant the certificate
applied for:
Provided that before making any order refusing to grant a certificate, the competentauthority shall give the applicant a reasonable opportunity of being
heard and every order ofrefusal to grant a certificate shall be communicated to the applicant in writing.
(3) No certificate of registration shall be granted under sub-section (2) unless theinstitution with respect to which an application has been made is in
a position to providesuch facilities and meet such standards as may be prescribed by the State Government.
list of 1 items
(4) The certificate of registration granted under sub-section (2) ,—
list end
(a) shall, unless revoked under section 52 remain in force for such period as maybe prescribed by the State Government;
(b) may be renewed from time to time for a like period; and
(c) shall be in such form and shall be subject to such conditions as may beprescribed by the State Government.
(5) An application for renewal of a certificate of registration shall be made not lessthan sixty days before the expiry of the period of validity.
(6) A copy of the certificate of registration shall be displayed by the institution in aconspicuous place.
(7) Every application made under sub-section (1) or sub-section (5) shall be disposedof by the competent authority within such period as may be prescribed
by the StateGovernment.
52.(1) The competent authority may, if it has reason to believe that the holder of acertificate of registration granted under sub-section (2) of section
51 has,—
(a) made a statement in relation to any application for the issue or renewal of thecertificate which is incorrect or false in material particulars; or
(b) committed or has caused to be committed any breach of rules or any conditionssubject to which the certificate was granted,
it may, after making such inquiry, as it deems fit, by order, revoke the certificate:
Provided that no such order shall be made until an opportunity is given to the holderof the certificate to show cause as to why the certificate of registration
shall not be revoked.
(2) Where a certificate of registration in respect of an institution has been revokedunder sub-section (1), such institution shall cease to function from
the date of such revocation:
Provided that where an appeal lies under section 53 against the order of revocation,such institution shall cease to function,—
(a) where no appeal has been preferred immediately on the expiry of the periodprescribed for the filing of such appeal; or
(b) where such appeal has been preferred, but the order of revocation has beenupheld, from the date of the order of appeal.
(3) On the revocation of a certificate of registration in respect of an institution, thecompetent authority may direct that any person with disability
who is an inmate of suchinstitution on the date of such revocation, shall be—
(a) restored to the custody of his or her parent, spouse or lawful guardian, as thecase may be; or
Applicationand grant ofcertificate ofregistration.
Revocationofregistration.
Appeal.
Act not toapply toinstitutionsestablished ormaintainedby Central orStateGovernment.
Assistance toregisteredinstitutions.
Guidelines forassessment ofspecifieddisabilities.
Designationof certifyingauthorities.
Procedure forcertification.
Appeal againsta decision ofcertifyingauthority.
(b) transferred to any other institution specified by the competent authority.
(4) Every institution which holds a certificate of registration which is revoked underthis section shall, immediately after such revocation, surrender
such certificate to the competentauthority.
53.(1) Any person aggrieved by the order of the competent authority refusing to granta certificate of registration or revoking a certificate of registration
may, within such period asmay be prescribed by the State Government, prefer an appeal to such appellate authority, asmay be notified by the State Government
against such refusal or revocation.
list of 1 items
(2) The order of the appellate authority on such appeal shall be final.
list end
54.Nothing contained in this Chapter shall apply to an institution for persons withdisabilities established or maintained by the Central Government or
a State Government.
55.The appropriate Government may within the limits of their economic capacity anddevelopment, grant financial assistance to registered institutions to
provide services and toimplement the schemes and programmes in pursuance of the provisions of this Act.
CHAPTER XCERTIFICATIONOFSPECIFIEDDISABILITIES
56.The Central Government shall notify guidelines for the purpose of assessing theextent of specified disability in a person.
57.(1) The appropriate Government shall designate persons, having requisitequalifications and experience, as certifying authorities, who shall be competent
to issue thecertificate of disability.
(2) The appropriate Government shall also notify the jurisdiction within which and theterms and conditions subject to which, the certifying authority shall
perform its certificationfunctions.
58.(1) Any person with specified disability, may apply, in such manner as may beprescribed by the Central Government, to a certifying authority having
jurisdiction, forissuing of a certificate of disability.
(2) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the certifying authority shallassess the disability of the concerned person in accordance with
relevant guidelines notifiedunder section 56, and shall, after such assessment, as the case may be,—
(a) issue a certificate of disability to such person, in such form as may beprescribed by the Central Government;
(b) inform him in writing that he has no specified disability.
(3) The certificate of disability issued under this section shall be valid across thecountry.
59.(1)Any person aggrieved with decision of the certifying authority, may appealagainst such decision, within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed
by theState Government, to such appellate authority as the State Government may designate forthe purpose.
(2) On receipt of an appeal, the appellate authority shall decide the appeal in suchmanner as may be prescribed by the State Government.
CHAPTER XI
CENTRALANDSTATEADVISORYBOARDSONDISABILITYANDDISTRICTLEVELCOMMITTEE
60.(1) The Central Government shall, by notification, constitute a body to be knownas the Central Advisory Board on Disability to exercise the powers conferred
on, and toperform the functions assigned toit, underthis Act.
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(2) The Central Advisory Board shall consist of,—
list end
(a) the Minister in charge of Department of Disability Affairs in the CentralGovernment, Chairperson,ex officio;
(b) the Minister of State in charge dealing with Department of Disability Affairsin the Ministry in the Central Government, Vice Chairperson, ex officio;
(c) three Members of Parliament, of whom two shall be elected by Lok Sabha andone by the Rajya Sabha, Members,ex officio;
(d) the Ministers in charge of Disability Affairs of all States and Administratorsor Lieutenant Governors of the Union territories, Members,ex officio;
(e) Secretaries to the Government of India in charge of the Ministries orDepartments of Disability Affairs, Social Justice and Empowerment, School Educationand
Literacy, and Higher Education, Women and Child Development, Expenditure,Personnel and Training, Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Health andFamily
Welfare, Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Industrial Policy and Promotion,Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Science and Technology,Communications
and Information Technology, Legal Affairs, Public Enterprises, YouthAffairs and Sports, Road Transport and Highways and Civil Aviation, Members,ex officio;
(f) Secretary, National Institute of Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, Member,ex officio;
(g) Chairperson, Rehabilitation Council of India, Member, ex officio;
(h) Chairperson, National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, CerebralPalsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities, Member, ex officio;
(i) Chairman-cum-Managing Director, National Handicapped FinanceDevelopment Corporation, Member, ex officio;
(j) Chairman-cum-Managing Director, Artificial Limbs ManufacturingCorporation, Member, ex officio;
(k) Chairman, Railway Board, Member, ex officio;
(l) Director-General, Employment and Training, Ministry of Labour andEmployment, Member, ex officio;
(m) Director, National Council for Educational Research and Training, Member,ex officio;
(n) Chairperson, National Council of Teacher Education, Member, ex officio;(o) Chairperson, University Grants Commission, Member, ex officio;(p) Chairperson,
Medical Council of India, Member, ex officio;
(q) Directors of the following Institutes:—
(i) National Institute for the Visually Handicapped, Dehradun;(ii) National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped, Secundrabad;
(iii) Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Institute for the Physically Handicapped,New Delhi;
(iv) Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped,Mumbai;
Constitutionof CentralAdvisoryBoard onDisability.
table with 2 columns and 3 rows
Terms
nd

conditions of
Servicemembers.
of
table end
Disqualifications.
(v) National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped, Kolkata;(vi) National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research, Cuttack;
(vii) National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with MultipleDisabilities, Chennai;
(viii) National Institute for Mental Health and Sciences, Bangalore;
(ix) Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre, New Delhi,Members,ex officio;
(r) Members to be nominated by the Central Government,—
(i) five Members who are experts in the field of disability and rehabilitation;
(ii) ten Members, as far as practicable, being persons with disabilities, torepresent non-Governmental Organisations concerned with disabilities ordisabled
persons organisations:
Provided that out of the ten Members nominated, at least, five Membersshall be women and at least one person each shall be from the Scheduled Castesand
the Scheduled Tribes;
(iii) up to three representatives of national level chambers of commerceand industry;
(s) Joint Secretary to the Government of India dealing with the subject of disabilitypolicy, Member-Secretary, ex officio.
61.(1) Save as otherwise provided under this Act, a Member of the Central AdvisoryBoard nominated under clause (r) of sub-section (2) of section 60 shall
hold office for a termof three years from the date of his nomination:
Provided that such a Member shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continueto hold office until his successor enters upon his office.
(2) The Central Government may, if it thinks fit, remove any Member nominated underclause (r) of sub-section (2) of section 60, before the expiry of his
term of office after givinghim a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the same.
(3)A Member nominated under clause (r) of sub-section (2) of section 60 may at anytime resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the Central
Government and theseat of the said Member shall thereupon becomes vacant.
(4) A casual vacancy in the Central Advisory Board shall be filled by a fresh nominationand the person nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office
only for the remainder of theterm for which the Member in whose place he was so nominated.
(5) A Member nominated under sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (iii) of clause (r) ofsub-section (2) of section 60 shall be eligible for renomination.
(6) The Members nominated under sub-clause(i) and sub-clause (ii) of clause (r) ofsub-section (2) of section 60 shall receive such allowances as may be
prescribed by theCentral Government.
list of 1 items
62.(1)No person shall be a Member of the Central Advisory Board, who —
list end
(a) is, or at any time has been, adjudged insolvent or has suspended payment ofhis debts or has compounded with his creditors, or
(b) is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court, or
(c) is, or has been, convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of the CentralGovernment, involves moral turpitude, or
(d) is, or at any time has been, convicted of an offence under this Act, or
(e) has so abused his position in the opinion of the Central Government as aMember so as to render his continuance in the office is prejudicial interests
of thegeneral public.
(2) No order of removal shall be made by the Central Government under this sectionunless the Member concerned has been given a reasonable opportunity of
showing causeagainst the same.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (5) of section61, a Member who has been removed under this section shall not be
eligible for renominationas a Member.
63.If a Member of the Central Advisory Board becomes subject to any of thedisqualifications specified in section 62, his seat shall become vacant.
64.The Central Advisory Board shall meet at least once in every six months and shallobserve such rules of procedure in regard to the transaction of business
at its meetings asmay be prescribed.
65.(1)Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Central Advisory Board on disabilityshall be the national-level consultative and advisory body on disability
matters, and shallfacilitate the continuous evolution of a comprehensive policy for the empowerment of personswith disabilities and the full enjoyment
of rights.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions,the Central Advisory Board on disability shall perform the following
functions, namely:—
(a) advise the Central Government and the State Governments on policies,programmes, legislation and projects with respect to disability;
(b) develop a national policy to address issues concerning persons withdisabilities;
(c) review and coordinate the activities of all Departments of the Governmentand other Governmental and non-Governmental Organisations which are dealing
withmatters relating to persons with disabilities;
(d) take up the cause of persons with disabilities with the concerned authoritiesand the international organisations with a view to provide for schemes
and projects forthe persons with disabilities in the national plans;
(e) recommend steps to ensure accessibility, reasonable accommodation, non-discrimination for persons with disabilitiesvis-à-visinformation, services and
the builtenvironment and their participation in social life;
(f) monitor and evaluate the impact of laws, policies and programmes to achievefull participation of persons with disabilities; and
(g) such other functions as may be assigned from time to time by the CentralGovernment.
66.(1) Every State Government shall, by notification, constitute a body to be knownas the State Advisory Board on disability to exercise the powers conferred
on, and to performthe function assigned toit, underthis Act.
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(2) The State Advisory Board shall consist of—
list end
(a) the Minister in charge of the Department in the State Government dealingwith disability matters, Chairperson,ex officio;
(b) the Minister of State or the Deputy Minister in charge of the Department inthe State Government dealing with disability matters, if any, Vice-Chairperson,
ex officio;
(c) secretaries to the State Government in charge of the Departments of DisabilityAffairs, School Education, Literacy and Higher Education, Women and ChildDevelopment,
Finance, Personnel and Training, Health and Family Welfare, RuralDevelopment, Panchayati Raj, Industrial Policy and Promotion, Labour and Employment,Urban
Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Science and Technology,Information Technology, Public Enterprises, Youth Affairs and Sports, Road Transportand
any other Department, which the State Government considers necessary, Members,
ex officio;
(d) three Members of the State Legislature of whom two shall be elected by theLegislative Assembly and one by the Legislative Council, if any, and where
there is noLegislative Council, three Members shall beelected by the Legislative Assembly,Members,ex officio;
Vacation ofseats byMembers.
Meetings ofthe CentralAdvisoryBoard ondisability.
Functions ofCentralAdvisoryBoard ondisability.
StateAdvisoryBoard ondisability.
Terms andconditions ofservice ofMembers.
Disqualification.
(e) Members to be nominated by the State Government:—
(i) five Members who are experts in the field of disability and rehabilitation;
(ii) five Members to be nominated by the State Government by rotation torepresent the districts in such manner as may be prescribed:
Provided that no nomination under this sub-clause shall be made excepton the recommendation of the district administration concerned;
(iii) ten persons as far as practicable, being persons with disabilities, torepresent non-Governmental Organisations or associations which are concernedwith
disabilities:
Provided that out of the ten persons nominated under this clause, at least,five shall be women and at least one person each shall be from the ScheduledCastes
and the Scheduled Tribes;
(iv) not more than three representatives of the State Chamber of Commerceand Industry;
(f) officer not below the rank of Joint Secretary in the Department dealing withdisability matters in the State Government, Member-Secretary, ex officio.
67.(1) Save as otherwise provided under this Act, a Member of the State AdvisoryBoard nominated under clause (e) of sub-section (2)ofsection 66, shall
hold office for a termof three years from the date of his nomination:
Provided that such a Member shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continueto hold office until his successor enters upon his office.
(2) The State Government may, if it thinks fit, remove any Member nominated underclause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 66, before the expiry of his
term of office after givinghim a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the same.
(3) A Member nominated under clause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 66 may at anytime resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the State
Government and theseat of the said Member shall thereupon become vacant.
(4) A casual vacancy in the State Advisory Board shall be filled by a fresh nominationand the person nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office only
for the remainder of theterm for which the Member in whose place he was so nominated.
(5) A Member nominated under sub-clause (i) or sub-clause (iii) ofclause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 66 shall be eligible for renomination.
(6) the Members nominated under sub-clause (i) and sub-clause (ii) of clause(e) ofsub-section (2) of section 66 shall receive such allowances as may be
prescribed by the StateGovernment.
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68.(1) No person shall be a Member of the State Advisory Board, who—
list end
(a) is, or at any time has been, adjudged insolvent or has suspended payment ofhis debts or has compounded with his creditors, or
(b) is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court, or
(c) is, or has been, convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of the StateGovernment, involves moral turpitude, or
(d) is, or at any time has been, convicted of an offence under this Act, or
(e) has so abused in the opinion of the State Government his position as aMember as to render his continuance in the State Advisory Board detrimental to
theinterests of the general public.
(2) No order of removal shall be made by the State Government under this sectionunless the Member concerned has been given a reasonable opportunity of
showing causeagainst the same.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or sub-section (5) of section67, a Member who has been removed under this section shall not be
eligible for renominationas a Member.
69.If a Member of the State Advisory Board becomes subject to any of thedisqualifications specified in section 68 his seat shall become vacant.
70.The State Advisory Board shall meet at least once in every six months and shallobserve such rules or procedure in regard to the transaction of business
at its meetings asmay be prescribed by the State Government.
71.(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the State Advisory Board shall be theState-level consultative and advisory body on disability matters, and
shall facilitate thecontinuous evolution of a comprehensive policy for the empowerment of persons withdisabilities and the full enjoyment of rights.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions,the State Advisory Board on disability shall perform the following
functions, namely:—
(a) advise the State Government on policies, programmes, legislation and projectswith respect to disability;
(b) develop a State policy to address issues concerning persons with disabilities;
(c) review and coordinate the activities of all Departments of the State Governmentand other Governmental and non-Governmental Organisations in the State
which aredealing with matters relating to persons with disabilities;
(d) take up the cause of persons with disabilities with the concerned authoritiesand the international organisations with a view to provide for schemes
and projects forthe persons with disabilities in the State plans;
(e) recommend steps to ensure accessibility, reasonable accommodation, non-discrimination for persons with disabilities, services and the built environment
andtheir participation in social life on an equal basis with others;
(f) monitor and evaluate the impact of laws, policies and programmes designedto achieve full participation of persons with disabilities; and
(g) such other functions as may be assigned from time to time by the StateGovernment.
72.The State Government shall constitute District-level Committee on disability toperform such functions as may be prescribed by it.
73.No act or proceeding of the Central Advisory Board on disability, a State AdvisoryBoard on disability, or a District-level Committee on disability shall
be called in question onthe ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in or any defect in the constitution ofsuch Board or Committee, as the case may
be.
CHAPTER XII
CHIEFCOMMISSIONERANDSTATECOMMISSIONERFORPERSONSWITHDISABILITIES
74.(1) The Central Government may, by notification, appoint a Chief Commissioner forPersons with Disabilities (hereinafter referred to as the “Chief Commissioner”)
for the purposesof this Act.
(2) The Central Government may, by notification appoint two Commissioners to assistthe Chief Commissioner, of which one Commissioner shall be a persons
with disability.
Vacation ofseats.
Meetings ofStateAdvisoryBoard ondisability.
Functions ofStateAdvisoryBoard ondisability.
District-levelCommitteeon disability.
Vacancies notto invalidateproceedings.
Appointmentof ChiefCommissionerandCommissioners.
Functions ofChiefCommissioner.
Action ofappropriateauthorities onrecommendationof ChiefCommissioner.
(3) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the Chief Commissioner orCommissioner unless he has special knowledge or practical experience in
respect of mattersrelating to rehabilitation.
(4) The salary and allowances payable to and other terms and conditions of service(including pension, gratuity and other retirement benefits) of the Chief
Commissioner andCommissioners shall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
(5) The Central Government shall determine the nature and categories of officers andother employees required to assist the Chief Commissioner in the discharge
of his functionsand provide the Chief Commissioner with such officers and other employees as it thinks fit.
(6) The officers and employees provided to the Chief Commissioner shall dischargetheir functions under the general superintendence and control of the Chief
Commissioner.
(7) The salaries and allowances and other conditions of service of officers and employeesshall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
(8) The Chief Commissioner shall be assisted by an advisory committee comprising ofnot more than eleven members drawn from the experts from different disabilities
in suchmanner as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
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75.(1) The Chief Commissioner shall—
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(a) identify, suo motuor otherwise, the provisions of anylaw or policy, programmeand procedures, which are inconsistent with this Act and recommend necessarycorrective
steps;
(b) inquire,suo motuor otherwise, deprivation of rights of persons with disabilitiesand safeguards available to them in respect of matters for which the
Central Governmentis the appropriate Government and take up the matter with appropriate authorities forcorrective action;
(c) review the safeguards provided by or under this Act or any other law for thetime being in force for the protection of rights of persons with disabilities
and recommendmeasures for their effective implementation;
(d) review the factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of persons withdisabilities and recommend appropriate remedial measures;
(e) study treaties and other international instruments on the rights of personswith disabilities and make recommendations for their effective implementation;
(f) undertake and promote research in the field of the rights of persons withdisabilities;
(g) promote awareness of the rights of persons with disabilities and thesafeguards available for their protection;
(h) monitor implementation of the provisions of this Act and schemes, programmesmeant for persons with disabilities;
(i) monitor utilisation of funds disbursed by the Central Government for thebenefit of persons with disabilities; and
(j) perform such other functions as the Central Government may assign.
(2) The Chief Commissioner shall consult the Commissioners on any matter whiledischarging its functions under thisAct.
76.Whenever the Chief Commissioner makes a recommendation to an authority inpursuance of clause (b) of section 75, that authority shall take necessary
action on it, andinform the Chief Commissioner of the action taken within three months from the date ofreceipt of the recommendation:
Provided that where an authority does not accept a recommendation, it shall conveyreasons for non-acceptance to the Chief Commissioner within a period
of three months, andshall also inform the aggrieved person.
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5 of 1908.
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list of 2 items
45 of 1860.
2 of 1974.
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77.(1)The Chief Commissioner shall, for the purpose of discharging his functionsunder this Act, have the same powers of a civil court as are vested in
a court under the Codeof Civil Procedure, 1908 while trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely:—
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of witnesses;(b) requiring the discovery and production of any documents;
(c) requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;(d) receiving evidence on affidavits; and
(e) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents.
(2) Every proceeding before the Chief Commissioner shall be a judicial proceedingwithin the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code and
the ChiefCommissioner shall be deemed to be a civil court for the purposes of section 195 and ChapterXXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
78.(1)The Chief Commissioner shall submit an annual report to the Central Governmentand may at any time submit special reports on any matter, which, in
his opinion, is of suchurgency or importance that it shall not be deferred till submission of the annual report.
(2) The Central Government shall cause the annual and the special reports of theChief Commissioner to be laid before each House of Parliament, along with
a memorandum ofaction taken or proposed to be taken on his recommendations and the reasons for non-acceptance the recommendations, if any.
(3) The annual and special reports shall be prepared in such form, manner and containsuch details as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
79.(1) The State Government may, by notification, appoint a State Commissioner forPersons with Disabilities (hereinafter referred to as the “State Commissioner”)
for the purposesof this Act.
(2) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the State Commissioner unlesshe has special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters
relating to rehabilitation.
(3) The salary and allowances payable to and other terms and conditions of service(including pension, gratuity and other retirement benefits) of the State
Commissioner shallbe such as may be prescribed by the State Government.
(4) The State Government shall determine the nature and categories of officers andother employees required to assist the State Commissioner in the discharge
of his functionsand provide the State Commissioner with such officers and other employees as it thinks fit.
(5) The officers and employees provided to the State Commissioner shall discharge hisfunctions under the general superintendence and control of the State
Commissioner.
(6) The salaries and allowances and other conditions of service of officers and employeesshall be such as may be prescribed by the State Government.
(7) The State Commissioner shall be assisted by an advisory committee comprising ofnot more than five members drawn from the experts in the disability
sector in such manner asmay be prescribed by the State Government.
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80.The State Commissioner shall—
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(a) identify, suo motuor otherwise, provision of anylaw or policy, programmeand procedures, which are in consistent with this Act, and recommend necessarycorrective
steps;
(b) inquire,suo motuor otherwise deprivation of rights of persons with disabilitiesand safeguards available to them in respect of matters for which the
State Governmentis the appropriate Government and take up the matter with appropriate authorities forcorrective action;
Powers ofChiefCommissioner.
Annual andspecialreports byChiefCommissioner.
Appointmentof StateCommissionerin States.
Functions ofStateCommissioner.
Action byappropriateauthorities onrecommendationof StateCommissioner.
Powers ofStateCommissioner.
Annual andspecialreports byStateCommissioner.
(c) review the safeguards provided by or under this Act or any other law for thetime being in force for the protection of rights of persons with disabilities
and recommendmeasures for their effective implementation;
(d) review the factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of persons withdisabilities and recommend appropriate remedial measures;
(e) undertake and promote research in the field of the rights of persons withdisabilities;
(f) promote awareness of the rights of persons with disabilities and the safeguardsavailable for their protection;
(g) monitor implementation of the provisions of this Act and schemes, programmesmeant for persons with disabilities;
(h) monitor utilisation of funds disbursed by the State Government for the benefitsof persons with disabilities; and
(i) perform such other functions as the State Government may assign.
81.Whenever the State Commissioner makes a recommendation to an authorityin pursuance of clause (b) of section 80, that authority shall take necessary
action on it,and inform the State Commissioner of the action taken within three months from thedate of receipt of the recommendation:
Provided that where an authority does not accept a recommendation, it shallconvey reasons for non-acceptance to the State Commissioner for Personswith
Disabilities within the period of three months, and shall also inform the aggrievedperson.
82.(1) The State Commissioner shall, for the purpose of discharging their functionsunder this Act, have the same powers of a civil court as are vested
in a court under the Codeof Civil Procedure, 1908 while trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely:—
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of witnesses;(b) requiring the discovery and production of any documents;
(c) requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;(d) receiving evidence on affidavits; and
(e) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents.
(2) Every proceeding before the State Commissioner shall be a judicial proceedingwithin the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code and
the StateCommissioners shall be deemed to be a civil court for the purposes of section 195 andChapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
83.(1) The State Commissioner shall submit an annual report to the State Governmentand may at any time submit special reports on any matter, which, in
its opinion, is of suchurgency or importance that it shall not be deferred till submission of the annual report.
(2) The State Government shall cause the annual and the special reports of the StateCommissioner for persons with disabilities to be laid before each House
of State Legislaturewhere it consists of two Houses or where such Legislature consist of one House, before thatHouse along with a memorandum of action
taken or proposed to be taken on therecommendation of the State Commissioner and the reasons for non-acceptance therecommendations, if any.
(3) The annual and special reports shall be prepared in such form, manner and containsuch details as may be prescribed by the State Government.
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5 of 1908.
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list of 2 items
45 of 1860.
2 of 1974.
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6 of 1890.
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CHAPTER XIIISPECIALCOURT
84.For the purpose of providing speedy trial, the State Government shall, with theconcurrence of the Chief Justice of the High Court, by notification,
specify for each district,a Court of Session to be a SpecialCourt to trythe offences under thisAct.
85.(1) For every Special Court,the State Government may, by notification, specifya Public Prosecutor or appoint an advocate, who has been in practice as
an advocate for notless than seven years, as a Special Public Prosecutor for the purpose of conducting casesin that Court.
(2) The Special Public Prosecutor appointed under sub-section (1) shall be entitledto receive such fees or remuneration as may be prescribed by the State
Government.
CHAPTER XIV
NATIONALFUNDFORPERSONSWITHDISABILITIES
86.(1) There shall be constituted a Fund to be called the National Fund for personswith disabilities and there shall be credited thereto—
(a) all sums available under the Fund for people with disabilities, constitutedvidenotification No. S.O. 573 (E), dated the 11th August, 1983 and the Trust
Fund forEmpowerment of Persons with Disabilities, constitutedvidenotification No. 30-03/2004-DDII, dated the 21st November, 2006, under the Charitable
EndowmentAct, 1890.
(b) all sums payable by banks, corporations, financial institutions in pursuanceof judgment dated the 16th April, 2004 of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in
Civil AppealNos. 4655 and 5218 of 2000;
(c) all sums received by way of grant, gifts, donations, benefactions, bequestsor transfers;
(d) all sums received from the Central Government including grants-in-aid;
(e) all sums from such other sources as may be decided by the CentralGovernment.
(2)The Fund for persons with disabilities shall be utilised and managed in suchmanner as may be prescribed.
87.(1) The Central Government shall maintain proper accounts and other relevantrecords and prepare an annual statement of accounts of the Fund including
the income andexpenditure accounts in such form as may be prescribed in consultation with the Comptrollerand Auditor-General of India.
(2) The accounts of the Fund shall be audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-Generalof India at such intervals as may be specified by him and any expenditure
incurred by himin connection with such audit shall be payable from the Fund to the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
(3) The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and any other person appointedby him in connection with the audit of the accounts of the Fund shall have
the same rights,privileges and authority in connection with such audit as the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India generally has in connection with
the audit of the Government accounts,and in particular, shall have the right to demand production of books of account, connectedvouchers and other documents
and papers and to inspect any of the offices of the Fund.
(4) The accounts of the Fund as certified by the Comptroller and Auditor-Generalof India or any other person appointed by him in this behalf, together
with the audit reportthereon, shall be laid before each House of Parliament by the Central Government.
Special Court.
Special PublicProsecutor.
National Fundfor personswithdisabilities.
Accounts andaudit.
State Fund forpersons withdisabilities.
Punishment forcontraventionof provisionsof Act or rulesor regulationsmadethereunder.
Offences bycompanies.
CHAPTER XV
STATEFUNDFORPERSONSWITHDISABILITIES
88.(1) There shall be constituted a Fund to be called the State Fund for persons withdisabilities by a State Government in such manner as may be prescribed
by the StateGovernment.
(2) The State Fund for persons with disabilities shall be utilised and managed in suchmanner as may be prescribed by the State Government.
(3) Every State Government shall maintain proper accounts and other relevant recordsof the State Fund for persons with disabilities including the income
and expenditure accountsin such form as may be prescribed by the State Government in consultation with theComptroller and Auditor-General of India.
(4) The accounts of the State Fund for persons with disabilities shall be audited by theComptroller and Auditor-General of India at such intervals as may
be specified by him andany expenditure incurred by him in connection with such audit shall be payable from theState Fund to the Comptroller and Auditor-General
of India.
(5) The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and any person appointed by himin connection with the audit of the accounts of the State Fund for persons
with disabilitiesshall have the same rights, privileges and authority in connection with such audit as theComptroller and Auditor-General of India generally
has in connection with the audit of theGovernment accounts, and in particular, shall have right to demand production of books ofaccounts, connected vouchers
and other documents and papers and to inspect any of theoffices of the State Fund.
(6) The accounts of the State Fund for persons with disabilites as certified by theComptroller and Auditor-General of India or any other person appointed
by him in this behalftogether with the audit report thereon shall be laid before each House of the State Legislaturewhere it consists of two Houses or
where such Legislature consists of one House before thatHouse.
CHAPTER XVIOFFENCESANDPENALTIES
89.ny person who contravenes any of the provisions of this Act, or of any rule madethereunder shall for first contravention be punishable with fine which
may extend to tenthounsand rupees and for any subsequent contravention with fine which shall not be lessthan fifty thousand rupees but which may extend
to five lakh rupees.
90.(1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, everyperson who at the time the offence was committed, was in charge of, and was
responsible to,the company for the conduct of the business of the company, as well as the company, shallbe deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall
be liable to be proceeded against andpunished accordingly:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such personliable to any punishment provided in this Act, if he proves that the offence
was committedwithout his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commissionof such offence.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence underthis Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence
has beencommitted with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the partof any director, manager, secretary or other officer
of the company, such director, manager,secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall beliable to be proceeded
against and punished accordingly.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,—
(a) “company” means any body corporate and includes a firm or other associationof individuals; and
(b) “director”, in relation to a firm, means a partner in the firm.
91.Whoever, fraudulently avails or attempts to avail any benefit meant for personswith benchmark disabilities, shall be punishable with imprisonment for
a term which mayextend to two years or with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees or with both.
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92.Whoever,—
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(a) intentionally insults or intimidates with intent to humiliate a person withdisability in any place within public view;
(b) assaults or uses force to any person with disability with intent to dishonourhim or outrage the modesty of a woman with disability;
(c) having the actual charge or control over a person with disability voluntarilyor knowingly denies food or fluids to him or her;
(d) being in a position to dominate the will of a child or woman with disability anduses that position to exploit her sexually;
(e) voluntarily injures, damages or interferes with the use of any limb or sense orany supporting device of a person with disability;
(f) performs, conducts or directs any medical procedure to be performed on awoman with disability which leads to or is likely to lead to termination of
pregnancywithout her express consent except in cases where medical procedure for terminationof pregnancy is done in severe cases of disability and with
the opinion of a registeredmedical practitioner and also with the consent of the guardian of the woman withdisability,
shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months butwhich may extend to five years and with fine.
93.Whoever, fails to produce any book, account or other documents or to furnish anystatement, information or particulars which, under this Act or any order,
or direction made orgiven thereunder, is duty bound to produce or furnish or to answer any question put inpursuance of the provisions of this Act or of
any order, or direction made or given thereunder,shall be punishable with fine which may extend to twenty-five thousand rupees in respect ofeach offence,
and in case of continued failure or refusal, with further fine which may extendto one thousand rupees for each day, of continued failure or refusal after
the date of originalorder imposing punishment of fine.
94.No Court shall take cognizance of an offence alleged to have been committed by anemployee of the appropriate Government under this Chapter, except with
the previous sanctionof the appropriate Government or a complaint is filed by an officer authorised by it in thisbehalf.
95.here an act or omission constitutes an offence punishable under this Act andalso under any other Central or State Act, then, notwithstanding anything
contained in anyother law for the time being in force, the offender found guilty of such offence shall be liableto punishment only under such Act as provides
for punishment which is greater in degree.
Punishment forfraudulentlyavailing anybenefit meantfor personswith benchmarkdisabilities.
Punishmentfor offencesof atrocities.
Punishmentfor failure tofurnishinformation.
Previoussanction ofappropriateGovernment.
Alternativepunishments.
Applicationof other lawsnot barred.
Protection ofaction takenin good faith.
Power toremovedifficulties.
Power toamendSchedule.
Power ofCentralGovernmentto makerules.
CHAPTER XVIIMISCELLANEOUS
96.he provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, theprovisions of any other law for the time being in force.
97.No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the appropriateGovernment or any officer of the appropriate Government or any officer
or employee of theChief Commissioner or the State Commissioner for anything which is in good faith done orintended to be done under this Act or the rules
made thereunder.
98.(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the CentralGovernment may, by order, published in the Official Gazette,
make such provisions or givesuch directions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as may appear to it to benecessary or expedient for removing
the difficulty:
Provided that no such order shall be made under this section after the expiry of theperiod of two years from thedate of commencementof this Act.
(2) Every order made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be, after it is made,before each House of Parliament.
99.(1) On the recommendations made by the appropriate Government or otherwise, ifthe Central Government is satisfied that it is necessary or expedient
so to do, it may, bynotification, amend the Schedule and any such notification being issued, the Schedule shallbe deemed to have been amended accordingly.
(2) Every such notification shall, as soon as possible after it is issued, shall be laidbefore each House of Parliament.
100.(1) The Central Government may, subject to the condition of previous publication,by notification, make rules for carryingout the provisionsof this
Act.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, suchrules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:—
(a) the manner of constituting the Committee for Research on Disability undersub-section (2) of section 6;
(b) the manner of notifying the equal opportunity policy under sub-section (1)of section 21;
(c) the form and manner of maintaining records by every establishment undersub-section (1) of section 22;
(d) the manner of maintenance of register of complaints by grievance redressalofficer under sub-section (3) of section 23;
(e) the manner of furnishing information and return by establishment to theSpecial Employment Exchange under section 36;
(f) the composition of the Assessment Board under sub-section (2) and mannerof assessment to be made by the Assessment Board under sub-section (3) ofsection
38;
(g) rules for person with disabilites laying down the standards of accessibilityunder section 40;
(h) the manner of application for issuance of certificate of disability undersub-section (1) and form of certificate of disability under sub-section (2)
of section 58;
(i) the allowances to be paid to nominated Members of the Central AdvisoryBoard under sub-section (6) of section 61;
(j) the rules of procedure for transaction of business in the meetings of theCentral Advisory Board under section 64;
(k) the salaries and allowances and other conditions of services ofChief Commissioner and Commissioners under sub-section (4) of section 74;
(l) the salaries and allowances and conditions of services of officers and staff ofthe Chief Commissioner under sub-section (7) of section 74;
(m) the composition and manner of appointment of experts in the advisorycommittee under sub-section (8) of section 74;
(n) the form, manner and content of annual report to be prepared and submittedby the Chief Commissioner under sub-section (3) of section 78;
(o) the procedure, manner of utilisation and management of the Fund undersub-section (2) of section 86; and
(p) the form for preparation of accounts of Fund under sub-section (1) ofsection 87.
(3) Every rule made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made,before each House of Parliament while it is in session, for a total
period of thirty days whichmay be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before theexpiry of the session immediately following
the session or the successive sessions aforesaid,both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the ruleshould not
be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be ofno effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification
or annulment shall bewithout prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
101.(1) The State Government may, subject to the condition of previous publication,by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this
Act, not later thansix months from the date of commencement of this Act.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of foregoing powers, suchrules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:—
(a) the manner of constituting the Committee for Research on Disablity undersub-section (2) of section 5;
(b) the manner of providing support of a limited guardian under sub-section (1)of section 14;
(c) the form and manner of making an application for certificate of registrationunder sub-section (1) of section 51;
(d) the facilities to be provided and standards to be met by institutions for grantof certificate of registration under sub-section (3) of section 51;
(e) the validity of certificate of registration, the form of, and conditions attachedto, certificate of registration under sub-section (4) of section 51;
(f) the period of disposal of application for certificate of registration undersub-section (7) of section 51;
(g) the period within which an appeal to be made under sub-section (1) ofsection 53;
(h) the time and manner of appealing against the order of certifying authorityunder sub-section (1) and manner of disposal of such appeal under sub-section
(2) ofsection 59;
(i) the allowances to be paid to nominatedMembers of the State Advisory Boardunder sub-section (6) of section 67;
(j) the rules of procedure for transaction of business in the meetings of the StateAdvisory Board under section 70;
(k) the composition and functions of District Level Committee under section 72;
Power of StateGovernmentto make rules.
Repeal andsavings.
(l) salaries, allowances and other conditions of services of the State Commissionerunder sub-section (3) of section 79;
(m) the salaries, allowances and conditions of services of officers and staff ofthe State Commissioner under sub-section (3) of section 79;
(n) the composition and manner of appointment of experts in the advisorycommittee under sub-section (7) of section 79;
(o) the form, manner and content of annual and special reports to be preparedand submitted by the State Commissioner under sub-section (3) of section 83;
(p) the fee or remuneration to be paid to the Special Public Prosecutor undersub-section (2) of section 85;
(q) the manner of constitution of State Fund for persons with disabilities undersub-section (1), and the manner of utilisation and management of State
Fund undersub-section (2) of section 88;
(r) the form for preparation of accounts of the State Fund for persons withdisabilities under sub-section (3) of section 88.
(3) Every rule made by the State Government under this Act shall be laid, as soon asmay be after it is made, before each House of the State Legislature
where it consists of twoHouses, or where such State Legislature consists of one House, before that House.
102.(1)The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunity Protection of Rights andFull Participation) Act, 1995 is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding the repeal of the said Act, anything done or any action takenunder the said Act, shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the
correspondingprovisions ofthis Act.
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1 of 1996.
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THE SCHEDULE[Seeclause (zc) of section 2]SPECIFIEDDISABILITY
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Physical disability.—
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A. Locomotor disability (a person’s inability to execute distinctive activitiesassociated with movement of self and objects resulting from affliction of
musculoskeletalor nervous system or both), including—
(a) “leprosy cured person” means a person who has been cured of leprosybut is suffering from—
(i) loss of sensation in hands or feet as well as loss of sensation andparesis in the eye and eye-lid but with no manifest deformity;
(ii) manifest deformity and paresis but having sufficient mobility intheir hands and feet to enable them to engage in normal economic activity;
(iii) extreme physical deformity as well as advanced age whichprevents him/her from undertaking any gainful occupation, and theexpression “leprosy cured”
shall construed accordingly;
(b) “cerebral palsy” means a Group of non-progressive neurologicalcondition affecting body movements and muscle coordination, caused by damageto one or
more specific areas of the brain, usually occurring before, during orshortly after birth;
(c) “dwarfism” means a medical or genetic condition resulting in an adultheight of 4 feet 10 inches (147 centimeters) or less;
(d) “muscular dystrophy” means a group of hereditary genetic muscledisease that weakens the muscles that move the human body and persons withmultiple dystrophy
have incorrect and missing information in their genes, whichprevents them from making the proteins they need for healthy muscles. It ischaracterised by
progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscleproteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue;
(e) “acid attack victims” means a person disfigured due to violent assaultsby throwing of acid or similar corrosive substance.
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B. Visual impairment—
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(a) “blindness” means a condition where a person has any of the followingconditions, after best correction—
(i) total absence of sight; or
(ii) visual acuity less than 3/60 or less than 10/200 (Snellen) in thebetter eye with best possible correction; or
(iii) limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of less than10 degree.
(b) “low-vision” means a condition where a person has any of the followingconditons, namely:—
(i) visual acuity not exceeding 6/18 or less than 20/60 upto 3/60 orupto 10/200 (Snellen) in the better eye with best possible corrections; or
(ii) limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of less than40 degree up to 10 degree.
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C. Hearing impairment—
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(a) “deaf” means persons having 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequenciesin both ears;
(b) “hard of hearing” means person having 60 DB to 70 DB hearing loss inspeech frequencies in both ears;
D. “speech and language disability” means a permanent disability arising out ofconditions such as laryngectomy or aphasia affecting one or more components
ofspeech and language due to organic or neurological causes.
Intellectual disability, a condition characterised by significant limitation both inintellectual functioning (rasoning, learning, problem solving) and
in adaptive behaviourwhich covers a range of every day, social and practical skills, including—
(a) “specific learning disabilities” means a heterogeneous group of conditionswherein there is a deficit in processing language, spoken or written, that
may manifestitself as a difficulty to comprehend, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematicalcalculations and includes such conditions as perceptual
disabilities, dyslexia,dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia and developmental aphasia;
(b) “autism spectrum disorder” means a neuro-developmental condition typicallyappearing in the first three years of life that significantly affects a person’s
ability tocommunicate, understand relationships and relate to others, and is frequently associatedwith unusal or stereotypical rituals or behaviours.
list of 1 items
Mental behaviour,—
list end
“mental illness” means a substantial disorder of thinking, mood, perception,orientation or memory that grossly impairs judgment, behaviour, capacity to
recognisereality or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life, but does not include retardationwhich is a conditon of arrested or incomplete development
of mind of a person, speciallycharacterised by subnormality of intelligence.
list of 1 items
Disability caused due to—
list end
(a) chronic neurological conditions, such as—
(i) “multiple sclerosis” means an inflammatory, nervous system disease inwhich the myelin sheaths around the axons of nerve cells of the brain and spinalcord
are damaged, leading to demyelination and affecting the ability of nervecells in the brain and spinal cord to communicate with each other;
(ii) “parkinson’s disease” means a progressive disease of the nervoussystem marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chieflyaffecting
middle-aged and elderly people associated with degeneration of thebasal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.
(b) Blood disorder—
(i) “haemophilia” means an inheritable disease, usually affecting onlymale but transmitted by women to their male children, characterised by loss orimpairment
of the normal clotting ability of blood so that a minor would mayresult in fatal bleeding;
(ii) “thalassemia” means a group of inherited disorders characterised byreduced or absent amounts of haemoglobin.
(iii) “sickle cell disease” means a hemolytic disorder characterised bychronic anemia, painful events, and various complications due to associated
tissue and organ damage; “hemolytic” refers to the destruction of the cellmembrane of red blood cells resulting in the release of hemoglobin.
Multiple Disabilities (more than one of the above specified disabilities) includingdeaf blindness which means a condition in which a person may have
combination ofhearing and visual impairments causing severe communication, developmental, andeducational problems.
list of 1 items
Any other category as may be notified by the Central Government.
list end
————
DR. G. NARAYANA RAJU,
Secretary to the Govt. of India.
UPLOADED BY THE GENERAL MANAGER, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA PRESS, MINTO ROAD, NEW DELHI–110002AND PUBLISHED BY THE CONTROLLER OF PUBLICATIONS, DELHI–110054.
GMGIPMRND—4011GI(S3)—28-12-2016.
Signed by MANOJ KUMAR pal.manoj22@gmail.com Time: 2016/12/28 23:32:17 +05’30’ Reason: Location:
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, also known as RPWD Act, 2016.

Reference: The Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II Section I, Published by Authority, Ministry of Law and Justice (Legislative Department), New Delhi, Wednesday, December 28, 2016/Pausha 07, 1938 (Saka).
An Act to give effect to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
WHEREAS the United Nations General Assembly adopted its Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on the 13th day of December, 2006;
AND WHEREAS the aforesaid Convention lays down the following principles for empowerment of persons with disabilities,—
(a) respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make one’s own choices, and independence of persons;
(b) non-discrimination;
(c) full and effective participation and inclusion in society;

(d) respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity;

(e) equality of opportunity;

(f) accessibility;

(g) equality between men and women;

(h) respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities;

AND WHEREAS India is a signatory to the said Convention;

AND WHEREAS India ratified the said Convention on the 1st day of October, 2007; AND WHEREAS it is considered necessary to implement the Convention aforesaid.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-seventh Year of the Republic of India., An Act to give effect to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

WHEREAS the United Nations General Assembly adopted its Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on the 13th day of December, 2006;

AND WHEREAS the aforesaid Convention lays down the following principles for empowerment of persons with disabilities,—

(a) respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make one’s own choices, and independence of persons;

(b) non-discrimination;

(c) full and effective participation and inclusion in society;

(d) respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity;

(e) equality of opportunity;

(f) accessibility;

(g) equality between men and women;

(h) respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities;

AND WHEREAS India is a signatory to the said Convention;

AND WHEREAS India ratified the said Convention on the 1st day of October, 2007; AND WHEREAS it is considered necessary to implement the Convention aforesaid.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-seventh Year of the Republic of India.

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