Windows 10 notes for visually impaired

basic computer operation windows10.pdf

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BASIC COMPUTER OPERATION FOR LEARNERS WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT ( Self – guide tutorial for beginners with Windows 10 ) Olufemi S.

A.

Bayode Special Learning Needs Consultant 22, Oluwatedo Street P.

O.

Box 2794 Akure, Ondo state Nigeria Web:

http:

//www.

sinconline.

com.

ng Email:

support@slnconline.

com.

ng Tel:

( +234 ) 08181801444 08029864919 08055717197 Copy right 2020

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No part of this book may be published or reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means ( including photocopying, recording, transcription, or information storage and retrieval ] without written permission from the author.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS Forewords General note for operation BEGINNING OPERATIONS Things to note before operation General descriptions of the Computer System Computer accessories Booting Knowing your operating system Selecting items with the arrow keys Basic Windows 10 task and navigation Taskbar This PC Task manager Shutting down Searching Pinning and unpinning items WORD PROCESSING WITH MICROSOFT WORD

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Launching Microsoft Word Saving document Converting documents to other file formats or versions of Microsoft Word Saving on the desktop Correcting mistakes Manual correction Auto correction Retrieving saved documents Page numbering Headers and footers WORKING WITH FILES AND FOLDERS Highlighting and selecting Text formatting Creating tables Creating folders Renaming files and folders Moving or copying files and folders Writing / burning files and folders into a disk Moving or copying files and folders from external storage devices Removing USB storage devices from your computer

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FILE MANAGEMENT Deleting files and folders Creating a password for a file Protect folder with a password Formatting storage devices Scanning with Windows Defender Uninstalling programs System restore Performing disc clean up PRINTING DOCUMENTS Regular printing Printing in Braille Printing from external storage devices Print to pdf ADJUSTMENT Change default programs Changing the language of the inbuilt checker Adjusting the date and time

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Create desktop shortcut Reset WINDOWS key + E action WORKING WITH AUDIO AND VIDEO PLAYERS Playing audio and video CD Copying audio and video CD Playing saved audio and video files Recording audio files Sending audio and video files through blue tooth Transferring audio and video files to external devices USING SPECIAL DICTIONARY AND SOFTWARE Word Web Dictionary and Thesaurus Searching for word definition Searching word definition from another application Searching word definition in full text Searching word definition and article online OCR / OpenBook software Acquiring document with the OpenBook software Opening and editing files

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BROWSING THE INTERNET Conducting searches on the net Logging into your Gmail account Checking and reading mails Replying mails Sending mails Sending email attachment Face Book sign up Status update Chatting and sending messages on Face Book Logging out of Face Book Taking online examinations Apendix Function of major keys Some Microsoft Word shortcut keys List of relevant books

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FOREWORDS The Microsoft Corporation have developed many Windows operating system since first launch into the market.

Every version of Windows usually comes with its uniqueness.

These are of different dimensions which include graphics, utilities, organization, system optimization, support frame work and lots more.

The Windows OS possesses something for everyone if only we explore and update from time to time.

The Windows 10 operating system is the new system utility by the Microsoft.

It has witnessed some version updates since inception resulting to its sophistication and variant characteristics.

The information from the company reveals that the operating system have come to stay, and it’s going to be the last OS built but with periodic updates which will be noticed through its name e.

g.

1803, 1903, 1909, etc.

Thus, every individual using Microsoft products has been advised to switch to this new OS as the gradual fusing out of older operating system continues.

Need to say, there’s high security risk to glue to using the old Windows OS.

It’s worthy of note that there are numerous improvement to Windows with this introduction.

It’s more or less a redesigning and merging of Windows features and varieties.

The traditional “ control panel ” is being substituted with “ setting ” which is more meaningful to a beginner and average computer user.

The old terms and familiar features are still very much responsive on the new OS nevertheless, the innovation have influenced the way things are done.

For example, you may set data usage and measure how it’s being used per application; viewing files and folders ( keeping tabs on apps, file extension, default app, file and folder options ) notifications and alerts, etc.

Consequent upon the above, computer beginners and less computer savvy encounter difficulties in its utilization.

They remonstrate that Windows 10 is not accessible for learners with visual impairment.

It seems that the file explorer have hidden the local disc and other removable devices; locating some vital system folders pose insurmountable challenge.

This is the reason many persons with visual impairment downgrade their computer systems to old version of Windows which they are familiar with.

Some still rely on the sighted assistance to operate the computer system till date.

All are oblivious to the accessibility built into the new operating system and the best approach to using it

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We have written this new self – guide tutorial for computer beginners and those who wish to increase their knowledge of computer use.

It comprises detailed explanation of different tasks and operations in computer system for day to day activities.

Every lesson is carefully selected and packaged to fit into todays ‘ ICT demands at home, school, workplace and social space.

This book is developed with maximum practicability and simplicity for better assimilation and productivity.

It features everything learners with visual impairment needs to function optimally using computer system running Windows 10 operating system.

Moreover, every user of this self – guide tutorial will enjoy the worth of his or her money.

They are advised to follow the training outline religiously without skipping any lesson to enhance perfect comprehension and practical application.

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GENERAL NOTES FOR OPERATIONS This manual only contains tips to get a person started with basic computer operations on the windows 10 operating system.

It provide information on the basics of word processing, internet surfing and selected windows – based applications.

Anyone who wish to acquire advanced skills in computer operation can order for relevant books which provide indepth information and training on various windows application.

Some of these books are listed in the appendix and available from the same author.

However, it is recommended that beginners first master the basic skills provided herein before attempting to acquire advanced skills in computer operations.

You can also visit http:

//www.

sinconline.

com.

ng/resources to download free books and articles to upgrade your computer skills.

For enquiries on any issue relating to computers and learning materials for persons with special needs, please visit Special Learning Needs Consultants at the address provided on the title page or through any of the contact details provided.

Also, you can send us your email, name and address so as to receive free updates of books within our licence agreement.

Meanwhile, take a careful look at few things vital to using this self – guide tutorial:

1.

This manual is designed for windows 10 operating system, 2.

Make sure your Windows has the latest update patch and leave everything ordinary as it is by the manufacturer.

3.

Read through the information provided for any particular task carefully before performing the operation step by step.

4.

All operations on word processing is based on Microsoft office word 2010, 2013 and 2016, although users of computer systems with microsoft office word 2007 can benefit as well.

5.

The instructions in this manual are given for use mainly with the JAWS and NVDA screen reader.

However, users of other screen readers can benefit as well.

Specific tips solely for those who use JAWS and NVDA are clarified while further information is provided for users of ALL screen readers ( including JAWS and NVDA.

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6.

Some terminologies are used interchangeably within the text to refer to the same things.

Such terminologies includes:

I.

Operating system – OS II.

Keystrokes – keyboard shortcuts or key combination command III.

Apps- software or programs 7.

Keystrokes that are to be pressed together simultaneously are illustrated together with the use of the plus sign while those to be pressed separately are separated with the use of a comma.

For example, ALT + F4 means you have to hold down the ALT key while you press the F4 key, then remove your fingers from the two keys immediately 8.

Whene a keystroke ( especially those that involve the use function keys ] does not perform the desired task due to the configuration of the computer system, press the FN key in addition to the key combination to get the desired result.

For example, whenever the key combination of ALT + F4 does not produce the desired result to exit a programme, add the fn key- FN + ALT + F4.

This will automatically exit such a programme.

If other keys such as F12 does not respond when you press it, try pressing the FN key along with it as in FN + F12.

9.

The Microsoft word is often abbreviated as MS Word in this text.

10.

External storage devices here may refer to the DVD or CD, memory or SD card and USB drives ( commonly referred to as flash or pen drives ).

11.

Any option with varieties are represented with a double dash.

For example, the phrase ” open with— “ means you can choose your preference or to suit your purpose from the options to open with Microsoft word, internet explorer, etc in the list of menu 12.

The default browser for use in this text is Google Chrome.

Using other browsers might not work in accordance with the outlined procedures for browsing the internet.

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MODULE 1 BEGINNING OPERATIONS Things to Note Before Operation Take a walk around your city and check offices, schools, churches, supermarkets, you’ll realize that every mind bends towards a smarter way of doing things, and computer plays a key role in this area.

It accords all and sundry effectiveness and productivity with great precision.

Literacy in computer is the roadmap to enjoying benefits of information and computer technology.

It is described as the demonstration of theoretical and practical knowledge and skills of computer, Many people who desire to be computer literate are being retarded by myths, fear, and unobtainable information amongst other issues.

Below are vital things you need to do to help you begin and get going with computer literacy.

1.

You don’t need to know more about the computer before you begin with its use.

2.

Get to know some basic safety tips to help you care for your computer.

3.

Learn at your spare time, and let it be enjoyable, comfortable and convenient for your strength.

4.

Make sure you build a solid foundation for your computer literacy by the sound mastery of the basic skills before graduating to the advance skilled area.

This aids transfer of learning to overcome challenges in other areas.

5.

Stay calm.

If something isn’t working correctly or has gone wrong, step back, take a moment to collect your thoughts before you go back to the computer.

Things will usually look up if you are no longer working to overcome your frustration and tension.

6.

Maintain a good posture and sitting position while using the computer system.

Make sure your screen is straight in front of you, keep the keyboard and your chair at the proper elevation for your height.

Endeavour to take short breaks when working for a long periods on the computer.

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7.

Learn at your own pace without bothering about the learning rate of others.

Individual differences exist in computer literacy.

You’re not dumb for being a slow learner.

Consistent practice will make you better every day 8.

Accuracy must be considered before speed.

9.

Don’t limit yourself to the little you’ve known.

Aspire to know more about computer skills.

10.

Invest in yourself with your time and resources if your decision is to become the next Bill Gate.

11.

Make your everyday life a learning opportunity 12.

Don’t be overwhelmed when difficulties abound, they are parts of learning.

Note them because they will form part of your experience.

13.

Anyone can be your teacher because nobody knows it all.

So, learn from anyone, anywhere and anytime.

14.

The amount of software installed on your computer system doesn’t make you a guru rather it’s your ability to use them effectively.

15.

Don’t cluster your computer system with many software installation.

Thus, install those you use regularly to avoid redundancy of the operating system.

This might constitute problem for your computer system.

16.

Impossibilities and difficulties exist in the journey of computer literacy for persons with visual impairment.

However, don’t tag any area or skill unlearnable without trying different strategies of overcoming it.

You can also consult other people who are more knowledgeable.

17.

Seek knowledge and share it.

Anyone who doesn’t teach others what he or she knows will not go far in this journey of computer literacy.

This type of person will be irrelevant and forgotten soon 18.

Appreciate people for every little knowledge you gain through them.

This will surely spur them to do more for you.

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General Descriptions Of The Computer System The computer system is an electronic machine that helps us to perform different tasks such as to store, process, analyse and interpret data and information.

The computer system can be used for many activities such as typing letters and other relevant documentation, playing games, audio and videos, for research, payment of bills, etc.

The computer system comes in useful for everyone in whatsoever circumstance or environment they may be in, be it in the bank, school, office, home or hospital, among others.

The different components that make up the computer are commonly classified into two categories- hardwares and softwares.

The hardwares are those parts of the computer system which we can see and touch, while softwares are programmes which we cannot see or touch.

These software programmes are fashioned to enhance the performance of meaningful operation for the users.

To enhance comprehension of this instructional material for beginners, theirs is need to give brief descriptions of some of these parts as regards their functions and location.

These vital organs include the 1.

system unit; 2.

monitor, 3.

keyboard; 4.

mouse and touch panel; and 5.

computer accessories The System unit This is commonly called the central processing unit, ( CPU ) it is the brain and the power house of the computer system.

The system unit is shaped like a video player.

It is a box – like object in the desktop computer composition.

However, the system unit in laptop computers is compacted and enclosed within the PC.

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The vital parts of the system unit are the power button which is located in front of the system unit and used for booting the computer system, the cd / DVD drive, the USB ports and other cable ports where one can insert DVD rums, USB devices and cable plugs respectively.

The Monitor The screen of the monitor is like that of the television.

It presents the display of any activity being performed on the computer system.

In other words, whatever function or activity is being performed on the computer system can be viewed on the monitor.

The switch button is usually located beneath the screen and is always different in size or shape from other buttons on the monitor suc as the butt for increasing decreasing the volume and brightness / contrast of the desktop computer screen.

However, there is no switch button underneath the monitor of a laptop computer.

In order to control the brightness / contrast of the laptop screen, one only need to push the monitor backward or pull it forward.

The Keyboard The keyboard of every computer system performs two major functions- production of characters and initiation of functions.

Whatever function the mouse can perform, the keyboard can also achieve.

A description of the keyboard parts and key locations will be discussed under three major headings A.

The word processing compartment B.

The navigation compartment.

C.

The numeric compartment.

The Word processing compartment Viewing the keyboard horizontally, this section is divided into six layers- from left to right, and top to bottom.

The first key on the first row ( the top left – hand corner ) is the escape ( ESC ) key.

The twelve function keys ( fl to f12 ) follow the escape key on the same row.

A few keys are located after the f12 key, based on the manufacturer’s specification.

z

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The second row is the number log which begins with the GRAPH key, followed by the numerical keys 1 through to 0.

Also, a few keys are located after the “ 0 ” key.

The third, fourth and fifth rows are the alphabet logs, but each row begins with a different key.

The third row begins with the TAB key, the fourth row begins with the CAPS LOCK key; while the fifth roll begins with the SHIFT key.

The alphabet log of a computer system is the same as that of a conventional typewriter.

After letter P on the third roll, there are two important keys- the opened bracket and the closed bracket key.

After the semi – colon key on the fourth row, there are the apostrophe and the enter key.

After the full stop key on the fifth row, there are the slash key and the second shift key.

The keys on the sixth row ( the last row on the word processing compartment ) are the control key, the FN key, windows key, alternate ( ALT ) key, the space bar, another alternate key, and the application key.

These keys and other keys are arranged on the sixth row from left to right with few variations from one computer keyboard to another, depending on the manufacturer’s taste and specification Note that the most similar arrangement in most computer system are keys from the first roll to the fifth row.

This standard keyboard configuration is described and used in this text.

The arrangement of the keys on the sixth roll differ from one computer system to another in terms of number and location of the keys, depending on the manufacturer’s design.

Some computer systems have the sixth roll beginning with the FN key while others have the FN key between the control key and the windows key.

Most computer systems in the market today don’t have the APPLICATION key.

The most important thing is that the keys perform the same function no matter their location on the keyboard, and those absent already have alternative shortcut or keys to perform their tasks.

The ESCAPE key is used for cancelling or opting out of any unwanted function or program for example, if you press the ALT key by mistake, you should press the ESCAPE key to cancel or opt out of that operation.

However, The ESCAPE key cannot be used to erase any mistake made by pressing any number or alphabet key.

The DELETE key and the BACKSPACE key can be used to erase such mistakes.

The TAB key is used for movement within any window program, but it has various function depending on the particular program you are working on.

The CAPS LOCK key and the SHIFT key help to type any letter of the alphabet in capital or upper case.

However, when using the SHIFT

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key, hold it down with a finger while you pressed the key for the particular letter ( s ) you want to type in capital or upper case.

When using the CAPS LOCK key, press it once and release it, after which you should hear your screen reader announce ” Caps lock on.

” If the announcement is not made, press the CAPS LOCK key twice simultaneously in rapid succession, and then you should hear the announcement.

With the caps lock on, whatever letter you type will be written in capital or upper case until you press the CAPS LOCK key once or twice again, as the case may be.

The CAPS LOCK key is also used as the JAWS’s or NVDA key based on the screen reader in operation.

In this case, it performs the same function as the INSERT key with regards to these screen readers special commands when you set your keyboard layout as “ laptop ” within the JAWS’s settings or NVDA preferences.

The SHIFT key can also help to generate some operational signs and punctuation marks.

For example, press SHIFT key + 1 to write exclamation mark.

Using the SHIFT key in similar keystroke combinations with any number or punctuation mark key on the keyboard gives you more punctuation marks and other operational signs ( such as the currency signs of various countries, the numeric and other mathematical signs, asterisks, etc ).

You will learn more about other keys and their functions later in this book.

You can also check the appendix for functions of various keys and key combination commands.

The Navigation compartment The arrangement of this section on the keyboard may differ from one computer keyboard to another but again, their functions remain the same.

Therefore, a description of their location is not a priority here but knowing their position enhance smooth operation of the computer:

A.

The arrow keys:

these are four keys usually arranged together on a keyboard- one on top and the others beneath it.

The one on top is referred to as the “ up ” arrow keys while the one directly beneath it is the “ down ” arrow key.

On both sides of the ” down ” arrow key are the ” left ” and the “ right ” arrow keys.

These arrow keys are used for moving in different directions.

For example, the up arrow key is used to move upwards while the down arrow key is used to move downwards.

B.

The Page up and page down keys:

Usually, these keys do not follow each other like the arrow keys on many computer system but they are not far from each other.

The page up

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key preceeds the page down key.

Like the arrow keys, they aid movement and can cover a wider range in movement than the arrow keys.

C.

Home key:

this aids rapid movement to the beginning of a section or a line.

D.

End key .

:

this aids rapid movement to the end of a section or a line.

E.

Insert key:

this is mostly used as the JAWS or NVDA key.

However, it does not function on its own.

It is usually used in conjunction with other keys to perform specific functions.

For example, when you press INSERT + F12, the screen reader will announce the current time as set on your computer system.

F.

Delete key:

this is used to erase any unwanted item or file from the computer system.

G.

Pause key:

mostly used for extended operations, copying and printing documents.

H.

Scroll log:

This is mostly used with screen magnifiers.

nhances scrolling through the information displayed on the screen.

The Numeric compartment This compartment is designed to look like a calculator.

It can perform similar functions like the word processing compartment and the navigation compartment.

This compartment is only available on a computer system with a full – sized keyboard, such as those found with most desktop computers.

The functions of some of these keys and ways of achieving these functions on computer systems without this compartment will be discussed later in this text.

The description of the keys locations is presented here in horizontal form, from top to bottom.

Roll 1:

num lock, forward slash, asterisk and the num pad minus.

Roll 2:

Num pad 7, 8, 9 and plus.

Roll 3.

Num pad 4, 5 and 6.

Roll 4:

Num pad 1, 2 3 and enter key.

Roll 5.

num pad 0 and decimal key.

Note that the description of the keyboard provided above is that of the full size keyboard of a computer system.

Although some recent computer keyboard are structured to begin with some keys on each roll of the word processing compartment, this is not a general or conventional make up of the said keyboard.

Also, such additives are only limited to some specific products such as

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the HP and COMPAQ.

Therefore, it is advisable to get the assistance of a sighted person to help identify the position of these keys, especially those whose locations might be different from that outlined in this manual.

You can also use the key combination command- INSERT + 1 to activate the JAWS keyboard help or NVDA input help.

This will enable you to learn the position of the keys independently.

Use the same key combination command- INSERT + 1 to turn it off.

The word processing compartment is used for typing text and sending data into the computer system for processing.

The navigation compartment helps in the movement of the cursor and enhances editing of basic texts.

Also, you can use any of the keys on the numeric compartment to perform a standard word processing function.

To type any of the keys in this compartment as presented above, press the num lock to activate ( turn on, the compartment, and press it again to deactivate ( turn off ) after using.

This will return the keys to their normal / default state and function.

The Mouse and touch pannel These are the components of the computer that are used for interacting with objects.

These mimic the manner in which one interacts with object in a physical sense.

For instance, one can open, alter or close any object with these devices.

Although the keyboard is used by operators with visual impairment to perform the functions of these devices, it is a good thing to have knowledge of their features The mouse and the touch panel are used for the same functions.

The difference is that the mouse is detachable while the touch panel is built into the computer system and is mostly seen in laptops.

It is usually underneath the keyboard layout.

Both the mouse and the touch panel have two major buttons- the primary and the secondary buttons.

The primary or left – click button is used to make selections while the secondary or right click button is used to open up the menu or the task bars of a program.

The mouse and the touch panel are also used for scrolling through documents and items.

Any navigation or movement initiated by the mouse or the touch panel is displayed as a punter on the screen of the monitor.

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The Computer accessories These are often called computer peripherals.

They are not in any way components of the computer but they are necessary aids for optimum operation.

Some ( such as the speakers ) might seem inseparable from the computer make – up but this does not make them an integral part of a computer.

Some of these are:

a.

Acoustic devices:

these help in the production of sounds e.

g.

speaker and headphones.

b.

UPS:

this is an acronym for uninterrupted power supply.

It stores electric power on which the computer system can run for about fifteen to thirty minutes after power outage, thereby enhancing the completion of tasks before shutting down.

c.

Bluetooth:

This is a wireless facility that transmits sounds and data over a short distance.

This device facilitates transfer of music, video, picture, documents etc.

d.

Scanner:

This is an electronic input device used to convert the hard copy of documents or files into soft copy to be used on the computer system.

For example, a printed document or photograph could be scanned into the computer system through the scanner.

Booting Booting a computer system simply means putting the computer system in action.

This is a process performed manually by pressing the switch button on the system unit of the computer system, after which, a full operation can begin.

Booting require the following procedures:

1.

Press the power button on the system unit to switch on the CPU.

2.

Put on the monitor by pressing its switch button if working with a desktop computer 3.

Put on your headphone or speakers ( if any ), and increase the volume if necessary.

Soon afterward, you will hear the welcome alert tone of the computer system or screen reader, and shortly after the welcome note, the screen reader announces its readiness.

Thereafter, you can begin operation.

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Some computers may require the pressing of the fl key immediately after pressing the power button on the system unit for proper booting of the computer system.

However, steps 2-3 above remain the same and should be followed after pressing the fl key.

Knowing Your Operating System The computer operating system is the most essential system software in the computer system.

The computer OS is a primary utility software that handles every activity of the computer system.

It’s a pre – installed system software program essential for operation and computer utilities.

Every operation in the computer system such as booting, shutting down, software installation, navigation and much more relies on it.

Since 1985 when the Windows operating system hit the market, it had evolved with different versions.

The techniques of interacting with the OS vary one to another.

You need to know the operating system of the computer system you use to obtain proficiency in its manipulation.

Thus, the following will help you know the operating system of your computer system if it’s Windows 10 or not:

A.

Start menu:

this is different from previous versions of Windows.

When you press the WINDOWS key on Windows 8, your screen reader says:

“ Start Screen ”.

When similar key is press on Windows 10 your screen reader says:

“ start windows “.

The items on the start menu are also segmented into recently add, most used, places and power.

This is currently hidden by Pinned tides due to recent Windows 10 update but you may toggle the Start Navigation List with the SPACE BAR key to view these categories.

B.

About:

this shows your OS type and its version.

Just press the keystroke WINDOWS KEY + R for the run dialogue.

Type winver and hit the ENTER key.

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Selecting items with the arrow keys The layout of the computer screen is similar to the display of an opened book hence reading begins from left to right and from top to bottom.

To make selection or view items using the arrow keys, this procedure should be followed:

1.

Press the key combination of WINDOWS KEY + M or WINDOWS KEY + D to go to the desktop 2.

Begin pressing the down arrow key, listening as your screen reader red out the name of each icon highlighted with each press.

Keep pressing the down arrow key until no sound is heard.

3.

Press the right arrow key once.

This takes the cursor to the next line on the grid.

4.

Begin pressing the Up Arrow key, listening as your screen reader read out the name of each icon highlighted.

Keep pressing the up arrow key until no sound is heard.

5.

Press the right arrow key once again to go to the next line on the grid.

Continue this process until your screen reader no longer read out any icon at the press of the right arrow key.

Note that the silence at each terminal indicates the limit at that end.

Alternatively, after pressing the key combination of WINDOWS KEY + M or WINDOWS KEY + D to go to the desktop, use the key combination of CONTROL + HOME to get to the top left – hand corner ( the first icon ) of the grid, then keep pressing the Right Arrow key, listening as the screen reader read out each icon through to the last one on the list.

You may also try searching for anything in a list on the computer system through the first letter navigation.

All you have to do is to keep pressing the first letter of the desired item until your screen reader announces it.

For instance, when you are looking for JAWS on the desktop, you need to keep pressing letter J until you hear JAWS.

Basic Windows 10 Task and Navigation There’s no doubt that things have changed in Windows.

The best bet is to understand the new way of doing things to get more from the innovation.

The use of ALT + F4 to exit a program and WINDOWS key + M or WINDOWS key + D to move to the desktop still function as before.

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But WINDOWS key + E for windows explorer or file explorer no longer put you where you see your system folders and removable discs.

Procedure for performing some basic tasks are shown below:

Taskbar This is an application desktop bar used in launching and monitoring software applications.

It is often located at the bottom of the screen showing different active programs and pinned items.

The keystroke to access this area on the computer system is WINDOWS key + T.

Should you want to navigate to this area to launch any program:

1.

Keep pressing the keystroke WINDOWS key + T until you see the desired program.

2.

Activate with the ENTER key.

This PC This is the popular “ Computer ” or “ My computer ” in Windows XP, Vista and Window 7.

It is a parent folder for system files and folders.

It houses Document, Music, Downloads, Video, Local disc, DVD and so on.

This PC seems to have been removed from Windows computer because you cannot land inside it with the keystroke WINDOWS key + E any longer rather you are being taken to Quick Access.

Thus, the process of accessing This PC and its contents on Windows 10 include:

1.

Press the keystroke WINDOWS key + E for file explorer.

2.

Press the keystroke SHIFT + TAB key one to move to the search quick access.

3.

Scroll to ” This PC ” with the arrow keys.

You may also use first letter navigation to quickly get there.

4.

Press the ENTER key to activate it.

5.

Press the TAB key once to land inside it.

6.

Use your arrow keys to locate your choice item e.

g.

Documents, DVD, USB, Videos, etc.

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You may pinned “ This PC ” to the taskbar or chreate its desktop shortcut to avoid taking this long route to access the content of “ This PC ”.

You may also reset the default of WINDOWS key + E as discussed under adjustment.

Task Manager Task manager is an important utility in the computer system.

It helps in managing activities of software application on the computer system.

It has the capacity to show the program eating up space on your ram, background apps, software running at start up, etc.

the beauty of it is that you may terminate any program from this section.

1.

Press the keystroke CONTROL + SHIFT + ESCAPE to launch the task manager at any point in time.

2.

Navigate to the program you wish to terminate with the arrow keys or first letter navigation 3.

Press the keystroke ALT + E to end the program If you desire to terminate the ability of some unwanted applications running at start up on your computer system because they make your computer boots too slowly, you are to:

1.

Launch the task manager with the keystroke CONTROL + SHIFT + ESCAPE 2.

Navigate to “ more details ” with the TAB key and then activate with the SPACE BAR key 3.

Navigate to start up ” tab with the keystroke CONTROL + TAB key.

4.

Locate the unwanted app in the list 5.

Navigate to ” disable ” with the TAB key.

6.

Activate with the ENTER key.

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Shutting Down Shutting down a computer is not done manually unlike the booting process.

In other words, the power button cannot be used to turn off the computer system.

Check through the different methods of shutting down the computer system on Windows 10:

Method 1:

1.

Press the WINDOWS key to activate the Start Windows.

2.

Press the TAB key to navigate to the “ Start Navigation and press the SPACE BAR or the ENTER key 3.

Scroll to ” Power ” with the DOWN ARROW key and activate with the SPACE BAR 4.

On the menu which opens, scroll to the Shut down, Sleep or Restart options with the arrow keys, then activate with the ENTER KEY.

Mehtod 2:

1 Press WINDOWS KEY + X to open the quick link menu 2.

Scroll to ” sign out ” or “ shut down ” with the UP or DOWN ARROW key and activate your choice with the ENTER key.

3.

Scroll to the shut down, Restart, or Sleep option with the arrow keys and activate your choice with the ENTER key.

Alternatively, you can also press WINDOWS KEY + X, and then letter U twice.

Method 3 1.

Move to the Desktop, Taskbar buttons, or notification area.

For example, press WINDOWS KEY + T to move to the first taskbar button.

2.

Press ALT + F4 to open the Shut Down Windows dialog 3.

A combo box is the initial focus, and it contains the options:

switch user, sign out, sleep, shut down, and restart.

Normally, shut down is the default option, but you can scroll to any option with the UP or DOWN ARROW key.

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4.

Press the ENTER key to activate either the default or any other preferred option.

Searching You can easily search for programs, files, setting, and items pinned to the Start screen.

If you type in some text, then a search pane automatically appears on the right hand side of the screen, the text that you’ve typed appears in the search edit box in that pane, and the search results are shown as a list on the left hand side of the screen.

You can type in either complete words or the beginnings of words.

As you type characters into the Search box, the list of search results is continuously updated, and whenever there’s a pause in your typing, your screen reader announces the name of the first result.

As soon as you hear the name of the program or item you want, you can press the ENTER key to open it, you don’t have to type in the full name.

Normally, by either typing in some distinctive search terms or by typing the full name, you can get the program or item you want to open to be the first item in the results list.

However, to open some items, there might be a need to move to another item in the list using the UP or DOWN ARROW key, then return to the desired item and press the ENTER key.

The default search item that first appears when you type in the search box is usually an application.

For example, if you press the Windows key to move to the start screen, and type Windows.

When you listen to your screen reader, you will realized that everything that displays on the screen immediately will be program applications relating to Windows.

The search result in Windows 10 is designed to display results according to groups.

The top level is apps followed by any of groups like settings, web, folders, files and bin.

You may scroll through the search result with the arrow keys and each group announced to you by your screen reader.

When you press the RIGHT ARROW key on any of the result, an action list menu is opened.

You may scroll through the various action menu with UP or DOWN ARROW key and activate with the ENTER key.

Note:

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Whenever you type something into the search window and there’s no matching app, the computer system will display other categories that matches the search item.

Pinning and Unpinning item The idea of pinning items on the computer system is to glue them to a spot where one will always like to see them.

These same items may be removed at anytime one wishes to do so.

Windows gives opportunity to pin and unpin items from the taskbar or start menu.

1.

Press the WINDOWS key to display the search window.

2.

Type your search term.

3.

Having the result in view, press the RIGHT ARROW key to open the action list menu.

4.

Scroll to “ pin to task bar ” or “ pin to start ” with UP or DOWN ARROW key.

5.

Activate with the ENTER key.

The item will be at the place is being pinned to by the option activated with the ENTER key.

Should you want to unpin the item on the task bar for instance, move to the item on the taskbar by pressing the keystroke WINDOWS key + T, and then press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 for the context menu.

Scroll to unpin from taskbar with the arrow keys and activate with the ENTER key.

However, you can use this method to unpin item from taskbar or start menu:

1.

Press the WINDOWS key for the start windows 2.

Type the name of the item 3.

Press the RIGHT ARROW key to display the action list men of the search result in focus 4.

Scroll to “ unpin from taskbar ” or “ unpin from start ” with the arrow keys and activate with the ENTER key.

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MODUEL 2 WORD PROCESSING WITH MICROSOFT WORDS The Microsoft word [ MS Word ) is a software program that enables abilities to type text and make changes to such.

It ensures access to typed information in the word processing environment.

This serves as the typing sheet of the conventional analogue typewriter.

Therefore, one is capable of presenting his or her ideas in print for self and others.

This module will be focusing on how one can begin operation with the MS word.

It will view launching the program, typing text and saving.

Although other modules in this compilation will still features other things about the MS word.

Launching Microsoft Word 1.

Press the WINDOWS key to display the start window.

2.

Type “ word ”.

If Microsoft word is the first item on the screen, your screen reader will announce to you with its version e.

g.

Word 2016.

But if it’s not the first item you hear after typing “ word ” scroll to it with the DOWN ARROW key.

3.

Activate it with the ENTER key.

But in the case of word 2016 and 2013, you may have to press the ESCAPE key when the backstage view displays on the screen.

4.

Wait until you hear your screen reader announcing to you:

[ document one print view edit ], then you can begin typing.

Note that on a MS Word page, the ENTER key can be used to move to a new paragraph, and the TAB key helps to indent the paragraph.

The ENTER key also enable you to move to the next line if you don’t want to continue your writing on a particular line.

If you don’t press the ENTER key, the computer will be changing to the next line automatically once you reach the end of a line without breaking incomplete word into two.

If the space left on a particular line cannot contain a word you are typing, the computer will move the whole word to the next line automatically.

You can use the SPACE BAR to create space between characters or words.

The arrow keys will serve as standard reading keys for all you have written.

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The UP ARROW key will enhance reading upwards line by line while the DOWN ARROW key will do same downwards.

The RIGHT ARROW key helps in reading the text character by character forward while the LEFT ARROW key does same backward.

The HOME key moves the cursor to the first character on a line while the END key moves the cursor to the end of a line.

The PAGE UP key moves you up the page about twenty five lines while the PAGE DOWN key moves you down about twenty five lines.

Saving a document A document is any typed work in the Microsoft word.

It is also the same as ” file.

” Saving this work is very important so as to enable one to check the work later in future to make any adjustment or print it out as hard copy.

Saving a document will require following these procedures while you are still in an existing file or have completed your work:

1.

Press the F12 key on the computer system for the “ save as ” dialogue box.

The result of this is that you will be linked to the place where you can save the work.

You should add FN key with the F12 if nothing happens e.

g.

FN + F12.

2.

Type the name of the document based on your choice and it must be what you can remember in future.

3.

Press the ENTER key for activation.

The implication of this is that the typed work will be saved in the DOCUMENTS.

At this point the dialogue box of ” SAVE AS ” will close and you’ll be returned to the print view.

Now the new name you have chosen for the file name will be announced instead of document 1.

” You may still go over your work again or choose to close the page where you have type.

Closing a typed document is essential because if one doesn’t it will be difficult to shut down the computer in some operating system.

To close this, press the key combination of ALT + F release it and press letter C.

the document will close but the MS.

Word will still be displayed on the screen.

If you want to continue with another work in another new document within the MS.

Word environment, press the key combination of CONTROL + N.

This will open a new blank document

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for you.

So, you can begin working.

But if you are through with the entire MS.

Word and you do not desire to continue again with any work.

After saving your document, press the key combination of ALT + F4.

This will not only close the document but it will also exit the program.

So, if you want to open the MS.

Word for another work, you will have to re – launch it.

Whenever you press the key combination of ALT + F4 to exit the MS word and an unfamiliar dialogue box pops up ( not relating to your current work ), press your ESCAPE key to return to the print view, then press the key combination of FN key + ALT + F4.

This will automatically exit the MS word programme as explained in the section:

“ general note for operation ”.

Additionally, if you press F12 key to bring up the save as dialog box to save your work, and the computer system is silent or giving a different information.

Just add the FN key with the F12 to perform the saving operation Converting document to other file formats or versions of Microsoft Word It is possible to convert a particular typed document to another Microsoft word format for the purpose of accessibility.

This makes the typed document compatible with the version installed on other computers.

It is quite important if you use versions below word 2010 or 2013.

Thus, the procedures outlined below will guide you through:

99 1.

Press the F12 key to bring up the “ save as dialog box ”.

2.

Type the name of the file.

3.

Press the TAB key to move to “ save as type.

4.

Use your DOWN ARROW key to select ” word 97-2003 document.

” 5.

Press the ENTER key.

The result of this operation is that the already typed file will be automatically converted to the chosen version of Microsoft word.

Immediately the dialogue box of “ save as ” will disappear and you will be returned to the named file print view.

But you should be aware that this is only possible as stated when you have never saved the work before.

But if you have saved the work earlier, you will only carry out the steps outlined above without typing a new name for the file.

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This procedure could be used to convert document to other formats like portable document format [ PDF ], plain text, rich text format [ RTF ], extended markup language ( SML ] and so on.

If you want to convert to any of this format mentioned, scroll to the desired format with the DOWN ARROW key after moving to the save as type with the TAB key.

Once on the desired format, press the ENTER key Saving on the desktop The term desktop refers to a display on a computer screen comprising background and icons representing equipment, programs, and files.

Also, your desktop usually display on the screen whenever you boot your computer system.

Shortcuts to programs are usually put on the desktop to take someone directly to the main program.

You can easily see and launch some programs installed on your computer system provided their shortcuts are placed on the desktop.

Just like other saving process, one may decide to save his file on the desktop in order to make it easy for any other person to locate while trying to access such file.

This is done systematically by:

1.

Press the F12 key to bring up the “ save as dialog box ”.

2.

Type the name of the file.

3.

Navigate to the storage location with the keystroke SHIFT + TAB key.

This is usually displayed in a tree view.

4.

Scroll to ” desk top with the UP or DOWN ARROW key.

5.

Activate with the ENTER key.

6.

Navigate to ” Save ” with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

You may also press the keystroke ALT + S.

The result of this is that you will be returned to the print view with the document saved on the desktop.

After this, close the file and exit the MS.

Word.

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Correcting mistakes Correcting any document or text file on the Microsoft word could be done in two major ways by manual or automatic correction.

Choosing the manual correction is with the idea that one knows where the mistake is.

The auto correction is chosen for the purpose of going through all mistakes in a lengthy text with no idea of where they are.

Manual correction:

1.

Move the cursor to the mistake and press the DELETE key.

The result is that the mistake will be removed and you can PROCEED TO type the RIGHT thing there.

2.

You can also move the cursor to the front of the mistake and press the BACK SPACE key, then type the right thing there.

For example, if you typed byo instead of boy; keep pressing the BACK SPACE key until you hear letter y.

Then, type letter o and letter y to form boy.

3.

If you omit a particular word or character, you can move the cursor to the position where the word or character is to be fix with the arrow keys and proceed to type it.

The correction will be effected at the point immediately.

But make sure that you hear the character that is to follow the omitted character before you type it.

For example, if you omitted letter o in top, make sure you hear letter p before you retype the letter o.

Please note:

anytime you press the DELETE key to erase any mistake, your screen reader say the next character in focus yet to be removed.

If you press the DELETE key again, the earlier announced character will be removed and the next character gaining focus will be announced to you.

Whenever the BACK SPACE key is used for erasing any mistake, the removed character or mistake is announced by your screen reader.

Auto correction:

The auto correction is aided by the inbuilt checker called “ Spelling and Grammar Check.

” This helps to make correction on text file within the MS.

Word environment.

It makes use of

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words in the computer’s memory or inbuilt dictionary.

To use this method of correcting mistakes, follow this procedure:

1.

Press F7 after you have opened the work you want to correct.

The spelling and grammar check should pop up.

Here, the computer will be calling the mistakes one after the other and with this you can select the correct suggestion or ignore.

To select any suggestion:

2.

Press the TAB key to move to the suggestion column.

At this point you will hear the first suggested word announced to you by your screen reader.

3.

Use your UP and DOWN ARROW keys to go through the suggestion and activate your choice with the ENTER key.

If you wish to ignore the suggestion, e.

g.

the computer indicating dialect and tribal name or abbreviation and acronyms as error.

This is because such are not present in the memory of the computer system.

Take this step:

Press the TAB key as soon as the word indicated to be mistake is announced, keep pressing the TAB key until you hear ” ignore once “.

Activate this with the SPACE BAR.

If such word appears in many places, press the TAB key to select “ ignore all ” and then press the SPACE BAR In case of a known error which the computer does not provide any right suggestion, you will have to press the ESCAPE key to return you into the print view of your work and correct it manually.

Then press the F7 again to continue the auto correction.

This is as a result of a bug in Microsoft Office Word 2016.

However, users of Word 2007 will have to:

A.

As soon as you hear the mistake is announced, use the LEFT or RIGHT ARROW key to locate the beginning of the word.

B.

Erase the word character by character with the DELETE key until you hear “ space ”.

C.

Type the correct word.

D.

Press the TAB key to select ” change ” or ” change all ” if such appears in many places.

Note that at the correction of a mistake, the computer will automatically take the cursor to the next mistake and announce it.

At the end of the entire correction, your screen reader will announce to you that the spelling and grammar check is complete.

At this point you will need to press the SPACE BAR to activate the ” ok button.

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either you use the automatic or the manual correction, there is need to save the correction made on the file.

This can be done by pressing the key combination of CONTROL + S before closing the file or exiting the MS.

Word.

If this is not done, the mistakes will be Returned to the work you have corrected.

RETRIEVING SAVED DOCUMENT This is concerned about process of searching for a saved file.

This is conducted for the purpose of revisiting for making adjustment, reading or moving one or more documents.

For example, if you want to perform any change on any already saved file like converting it to other MS Word format, saving them on the desktop or making any adjustment to it, you will have to retrieve such saved files.

To do this, follow these steps:

1.

Navigate to this PC ”.

2.

Look for document with the arrow keys.

3.

Activate with the ENTER key.

4.

This will open the document ” folder.

Search for the saved file with the arrow keys or by using the first letter navigation.

Note that you can also search for your wanted document or file by using the search features of your start screen.

You may need to go over the previous lesson on “ searching ” in module one to know how to do this.

If the wanted file had been stored in a different location other than in the documents, such as on the desktop, it will be necessary to go to the desktop to search for it rather than checking for it in the document.

Going to the desktop will require pressing the key combination of WINDOWS KEY + M or WINDOWS KEY + D.

Then, use the first letter navigation or the arrow keys in search of the wanted file.

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PAGE NUMBERING It is good to page number your document, most especially, if it’s more than a page.

This makes it easier for you to arrange its hard copy serially.

You can also make reference to the right page also during presentation without rigor.

So, follow in these few steps to insert page numbering into your work:

1.

Type a new file or open an existing one.

2.

Press the key combination ALT + N for insert tab and letter N followed by letter U.

3.

Activate top with the ENTER key 4.

Scroll to the numbering format of your choice with the arrow keys and activate with the SPACE BAR key 5.

Save your work with F12 and hit the ENTER key.

6.

You are good to go.

HEADERS AND FOOTERS Headers and footers are nice features in the MS.

Word.

They give files a nice outlook through customizing.

This means customizing a typed file by enhancing the reoccurring of any inserted text throughout the file without interfering with the body of the text.

For example, if you are typing a file that is more than a page and you want your name written on every page so that it will not be misplaced.

This headers and footers will help you to insert your name in such, and it will appear on every page of the file without interfering with the main text file.

In case of the headers the inserted text will be appearing at the top of the file while footers will be appearing at the bottom repeatedly.

The procedure below can be used to create either of the two

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1.

Open the MS.

Word or any existing file.

2.

Press the ALT key, follow by letter N to select insert tab.

” 3.

Move to the ” header submenu ” or ” footer submenu ” with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Press the ENTER key again to activate the blank header or footer.

5.

Type your choice of text that you want to be seen on every page of the file.

6.

You may press the TAB key twice to move the inserted text to a corner on the file.

7.

Press the ALT key.

8.

Move to the ” close headers and footers ” with the TAB key and activate with the SPACE BAR The inserted text will be appearing continuously in the file without interfering with the main content of the file.

So, you can begin your work or close the opened file.

Note:

It is better to insert page number at the bottom if header is inserted into a document or use footer if page number is at the top.

This is because they will overwrite each other depending on the one inserted first.

However, you won’t face this problem if you use any of the custom – built header.

Should you want to create yours concurrently with page number, follow this procedure:

Keep in mind that we wanted the header at the top right corner of each page.

It was to consist of a text part ( your name and the name of the document ) and the automated page number.

1.

Open a Word document with at least two pages.

2.

Anywhere on the first page, press the keystroke ALT + N for insert tab, then h for header.

3.

Your screen reader may not verbalize anything at this point, so press the DOWN ARROW once and you’ll find you’ve landed in a list of so – called grids.

These appear to be header templates 4.

I didn’t want any fancy MS formatting, so let’s choose the first, labeled ” blank.

” Press the UP ARROW key once and press ENTER key.

5.

Press ALT + J to get to the Design tab.

6.

Navigate to page number with the TAB key and press ENTER key

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7.

The first item here is a submenu labeled ” Top of page.

” Press ENTER.

8.

Now you can arrow up or down three choices of so – called ” plain grid, ” numbered 1, 2 and 3.

1 puts your page number at the page’s top left, 2 places it center top, and 3 puts it top right.

Press the ENTER key on your selection.

9.

Press the ESCAPE key a few times to exit the header dialog.

Then press the ALT + TABBED away from and then back into the document window.

10.

Once again in the basic document window, return to the header field with ALT + V for view, then h for header, then e for edit.

When the edit field opens, your screen reader will verbalize 1, confirming you’ve set page numbers.

11.

Now you’re ready to type the text.

Arrow to the left so that your text appears before the page number, then type your heading, such as your name and the name the document.

Ensure that your screen reader verbalizes two spaces to create distinct separation between the page number and text.

12.

Press the ENTER key to save the header.

13.

Press the ESCAPE key to go out of the dialog and, if necessary, press ALT + TAB out of and back into the document.

Note:

Where you position your text in relation to the page number will differ if your heading is going to the top left or center top, as well as if you’re creating footers.

If you later wish to edit the text part of the header, remember to press alt – v, h, e.

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MODULE THREE WORKING WITH FILE AND FOLDER As earlier described, the file is the same as document.

File is any single work created by a program.

It could be text, graphic, music or video.

A folder is like a cabinet where one can store all files of a particular topic for quick retrieval and organisation of items to give a nice look to the PC.

Highlighting and selecting Highlighting and selecting are similar while working with files and folders.

The necessity of this is to make a specific adjustment in a particular document at a specific point.

This adjustment could be delete, changing of size or colour, moving, etc.

the SHIFT key is the modifier for highlighting.

This is aided by other navigation keys depending on the type and direction of the desired highlighting.

If the aim is to select just a character, ensure the cursor is on the actual character, then press the key combination of SHIFT + LEFT ARROW.

Your screen reader will announce to you that the characters have been selected.

If it is a word that is to be selected, ensure the cursor is on the first character of the word, then press the key combination of SHIFT + CONTROL + RIGHT ARROW key.

If it is a line that is to be highlighted, ensure that the cursor is on the first character of the line, then press the key combination of SHIFT + DOWN ARROW key.

Your screen reader will announce that the line has been selected If the intention is to select a paragraph downwards or upwards, press the key combination of SHIFT + CONTROL + UP ARROW key or SHIFT + CONTROL + DOWN ARROW key.

Your screen reader will announce the selection.

To select or highlight a page ( about twenty – five lines ), downwards or upwards depending on the position of the cursor, press the key combination of SHIFT + PAGE UP or SHIFT + PAGE DOWN.

Furthermore, you can select from the point you are to the top of the file; or from the point to the bottom of the file.

CONTROL + SHIFT + HOME will select upwards while

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CONTROL + SHIFT + END will select downwards respectively.

Thus, everything in a document can be selected by pressing the key combination of CONTROL + A.

Note that you can reverse or cancel the highlighted selection by performing the above functions in the reverse form.

For example, whereas the key combination of SHIFT + RIGHT ARROW is used to highlight a particular text, the reverse key combination of SHIFT + LEFT ARROW can be used to reverse or cancel the selection.

Then, the screen reader will announce that the earlier selected text have been unselected.

Text formatting Text formatting helps to give a nice look to file.

It makes file or document looks attractive in a form the user so desire.

Text formatting includes options such as centralizing of headings, underlining specific text, bolding, line spacing, alignment, etc.

For example, it is possible to present a particular document as poetry or a normal document with the topic at the top centre of the page.

It is also possible to add different features to a document like writing particular letter in a different font, for example writing an address in italics at the top right – hand corner of the top of the page.

Other important information can also be italicized or presented in other form styles.

It is a good idea to finish the work before formatting the text.

Once all the desired text formatting have been done, highlight the entire work by pressing the key combination of CONTROL + A, then justify the arrangement by pressing the key combination of CONTROL + J.

Finally, save the file with the key combination of CONTROL + S if you have saved the file before; otherwise, go through the procedure for saving document as explained in module 2.

The process of justifying a text will organize the work by adjusting the entire text to fit into a uniform margin.

Below are some specific text formatting procedures:

Highlight a specific portion of the document which is to be move to the right e.

g.

an address in a letter.

Press the key combination of CONTROL + R to move the selected text to the right hand side on the file.

Your screen reader will announce, “ aligned right ”.

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Highlight some text in the document which is to be move to the center e.

g.

the title or heading of an essay or write – up.

Press the key combination of CONTROL + E to move it to the center.

You may press the key combination of CONTROL + B to bolden it; and CONTROL + U to underline it afterwards Furthermore, to increase or decrease the font size of characters in a document, highlight the portion and press the key combination of CONTROL + SHIFT + FULL STOP to increase the size; or CONTROL + SHIFT + COMMA to decrease the font size.

To double the line spacing, press the key combination of CONTROL + 2.

For 1.

5 line spacing, press the key combination of CONTROL +5 after highlighting the work.

Note that you can use INSERT + F to know the current state of your work after formatting.

However, don’t forget to save everything you have done before closing the Microsoft word.

Other shortcut keys combinations with which to perform specific functions and text formatting are available in the appendix section of this book.

Creating tables It is possible to create tables ( such as food table, time table, list of items, etc ) within the MS Word.

this help to plan daily tasks and activities effectively.

To create a table, 1.

Open the MS Word and / or go to the point where the table is to be created in the document.

2.

Press the ALT key, follow by letter N to select “ insert tab ” 3.

Select ” table submenu ” with the TAB key.

4.

Activate with the ENTER key.

5.

Scroll to the ” insert table ” with UP or DOWN ARROW key.

6.

Activate it with the ENTER key 7.

Type the number of desired column in figure or use the arrow key to scroll to the number.

8.

Press the TAB key to scroll to “ number of Roll ” and either type the desired number of rolls in figure or use the arrow key to scroll to the desired number.

9.

Press the TAB key once to go to the next stage and scroll to the “ auto fit to content ” option with the DOWN ARROW key.

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10.

Press the TAB key to select ” ok button.

” and activate with the SPACE BAR.

The table will be created at the desired point in the document.

The cursor will be in the first column of the first roll.

Begin typing the items into the table.

Use the TAB key to move to the next column in an orderly manner and return to the previous cell by pressing SHIFT + TAB key.

At the end of a roll the tab key moves the cursor to the next roll at its first column.

At the end of the entire rolls and column created, pressing the TAB key again will add extra roll to the table.

Therefore, listen to the screen reader to hear the announcement of the last column and roll.

If more space is desired on the table, press the TAB key; otherwise, press the DOWN ARROW key and continue the work as planned.

Note that the ” auto fit to content ” which you have selected will give your table a nice look, hereby, making longer words fit into their own columns without overlapping while the columns for smaller words will be reduced to fit their own sizes.

Also note that reading through a table requires the use of the TAB key in the same manner because the arrow keys can only navigate within a column.

Creating folder 1.

Navigate to “ This PC ”.

2.

Look for Document inside “ This PC ” and activate with the ENTER key.

3.

Press the key combination command CONTROL + SHIFT + N for “ new folder dialog.

” 4.

Type the name you want the folder to bear and activate it with the ENTER key.

This procedure creates an empty folder in the document ”.

If you want to retrieve the folder or make use of it in the future, you must access it by using any of the search options explained earlier.

However, folders can be created anywhere on the computer system such as in the music, picture, video, desktop, etc.

using the keystroke CONTROL + SHIFT + N.

you can also move the created folders to any desired location on your PC.

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Renaming files and folder One may decide to change the name of the existing file or folder.

This might be necessary to aid the organization of files in order of names or as desired by the user.

These steps helps to rename files and folders:

1.

Search for the file or folder to be renamed.

2.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F 10.

3.

Scroll to the ” rename ” option with the UP or DOWN ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key.

4.

Type the new name and activate it with the ENTER key.

Note that the new name immediately replaces the former one.

So, to search for the file or folder in future, make use of the new name.

Note also that you can carry out the operation by pressing the F2 key as soon as you locate the wanted file or folder.

Then type the new name and press the ENTER key.

Note also that it is not necessary to open the file or folder to be renamed before pressing the APPLICATION key, SHIFT + F10 or F2.

Moving or Copying Files and Folders It is possible to put different files into a folder.

Thus files can be grouped in order of want and choice.

1.

Look for the file or folder.

2.

Press the key combination of CONTROL + C to copy it or CONTROL + X to move it permanently from the current location.

3.

Search for the folder where the file is to be copied or cut to.

4.

Activate or open the folder with the ENTER key.

5.

Press the key combination of CONTROL + V to paste the file in the new destination.

6.

Exit the folder with the BACKSPACE key.

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Henceforth, the file can be viewed in its new location.

Verify this by searching for the file both in the former and the new destination.

Note that if you copied the file ( CONTROL + C ), it will be available both in the former and the new locations.

However, if the file was cut or moved permanently ( CONTROL + X ), it will no longer be available in the former location.

Writing / burning files and folders into a disk A disk is a flat thin and circular object usually used for storing files and folders.

This helps in guarding such against loss.

The disk resembles a flat plastic cover of a tin with a hole in the centre.

disk are of different memory capacity but this has nothing to do with their physical structures and sizes.

The smallest disk which is the compact disc, CD is about seven hundred megabyte [ 700MB ] while the digital versatile disk, DVD is about four gigabyte, [ 4GB.

] The process of storing any valuable information into a disk is called writing or burning files into disk.

This is enhanced by a system file called “ CD writing wizard ” in windows XP and ” CD burning wizard ” in windows vista, Windows 7 and recent windows operating systems respectively.

This usually makes the files accessible on any computer system and other devices using similar file format.

The procedure for writing files and folders into disk is outlined below:

1.

Open the CD / DVD drive via the button on it and insert the empty disk.

2.

Close the drive and press the ESCAPE key whenever the auto play dialog box pops up or press ALT + F4 if the disc opens up automatically.

3.

Look for the files and / or folders to be written to the disc; and 4.

Press APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 to open the context menu, scroll to the ” send to submenu ” with the UP or DOWN ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key.

5.

Scroll to the DVD option with the UP or DOWN ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key 6.

Open ” This PC and scroll to the DVD option using the DOWN ARROW key.

7.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10, scroll to the ” burn to disc ” option with the UP ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key.

8.

Type the name you want the disc to bear and press the TAB key

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9.

Scroll to the “ burn a disc with recordable or CD player ” using the DOWN ARROW key.

10.

Activate with the ENTER key.

The drive will automatically eject the disc as soon as the burning process is finished.

This will also ask if you want to burn the files into other disc.

If you don’t want to burn the same files or folders into another disc, press the key combination of ALT + F to activate [ finish button ] if the dialog box pops up.

But if you desire to burn same files or folders into other disc, then you have to:

A.

Select “ yes ” with the key combination of ALT KEY + Y.

B.

Insert a new disc into the drive and close it.

C.

Press the ESCAPE key to close the auto play dialog box whenever it pops up.

D.

Continue the burning process from step seven as outlined above.

Moving or copying file and folder from external storage devices Plug in the USB or cd to the PC via their respective drives, then proceed with the following steps:

1.

Press the ESCAPE key to close the auto play dialog box whenever it pops up or press ALT + F4 if the device opens automatically 2.

Open “ This PC ” 3.

Scroll to the device “ DVD drive ” or “ removable disc ” using the arrow key.

4.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10, scroll to ” open ” using the DOWN ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key.

5.

Select the file or folder of your choice with the arrow keys or first letter navigation 6.

Either copy the files or folders using the key combination of CONTROL + C or cut them from the flash or CD using the key combination of CONTROL + X.

7.

Go to the location where the files or folders are to be kept e.

g.

desktop, document, music, etc.

Paste them in the desired location using the key combination of CONTROL + V.

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Once the documents have been moved, remove the storage device from its drive.

If it is a cd, remove it via the button provided on the drive.

A USB storage device will require a procedure to safely eject it from the computer.

A USB flash drive will not appear as “ removable disk ” once it has been given a name.

The name use will appear instead.

External storage devices have extension showing their location in the computer e.

g.

DVD drive ( D ), removable disk f, etc.

Removing USB storage devices from the computer 1.

Press WINDOWS KEY + B to bring up the “ notification area chevron button.

2.

Activate it with the SPACE BAR 3.

Scroll to the “ safely remove hardware and eject media ” using the UP ARROW key.

4.

Activate it with the ENTER key.

5.

Scroll to the “ eject USB ” using the UP ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER KEY.

NOTE:

Every JAWS screen reader user can use the jaws “ virtual view help ” regardless OF their operating system by:

A.

Press the key combination of INSERT + F11.

B.

Scroll to the system tray icon “ safely remove hardware ” using the UP or DOWN ARROW key C.

Activate it with the ENTER key.

Alternatively, every computer user running Windows 10 can also try removing the USB storage device through:

1.

Open “ This PC ”.

2.

Scroll to the USB storage device using any of the arrow keys.

3.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 to bring up the context menu bar.

4.

Scroll to the ” eject ” using the UP or DOWN ARROW key.

5.

Activate the selection with the ENTER key.

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Having ejected the USB flash drive from the computer, close the computer with the key combination of ALT + F4.

However, it is a good idea to wait a while and listen to the screen reader in any of the procedures adopted for removing the USB storage device from the computer system.

The screen reader will announce whether the storage device has been safely removed or not.

Alternatively, verify whether or not the USB storage device has been successfully removed by opening “ This PC ” again and searching for the USB storage device.

If it is still visible there, that means it is still active and not yet removed.

But if it cannot be found again, that means it has been removed from the PC.

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MODULE FOUR FILE MANAGEMENT Every windows provides easy access to common files and folder management task.

The basic management task in the computer comprises renaming, deleting, moving and initiating hyperlinks.

This assists the rearrangement and organization of files and folders to provide nice features for the windows.

The selection and activation of any file or folder on the pc.

Grants access to its environment for operation.

Other special tasks include formatting the system or hardware, changing system setting, uninstalling programs and lots more.

Note that the windows has created a lot of nice features that can enable easy access to files and folders.

For example, the “ music and video folder ” help in the organization and management of audio and video files.

“ Document ” is designed to house the text files and graphics as well as other files created on the PC.

Deleting file and folder This is concerned with the removal of unwanted file or folder from the computer system.

1.

Search for the specific file or folder.

2.

Press the DELETE key.

3.

If a dialogue box pops up asking:

“ Do you want to move this item into the recycle bin?

” Press the SPACE BAR to activate “ yes ” or select “ no ” with the tab key if you do not want to delete the selected item.

Once the file or folder has been deleted, go to the desktop with the key combination of WINDOWS KEY + M or WINDOWS KEY + D and search for “ recycle bin ” with letter R:

A.

Activate the “ recycle bin ” with the ENTER key.

B.

Search for the particular file or folder with the arrow key or first letter navigation.

C.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 to bring up the context menu.

D.

Scroll to the “ restore ” with the UP or DOWN ARROW key.

E.

Activate the selected command with the ENTER key.

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The result of this is that the deleted work will be returned to its former position.

It is possible to delete multiple items in the recycle bin.

This helps to empty it.

Note however, that anything that is deleted from the recycle bin can never be restored via the above procedure.

It is a good habit to empty the recycle bin periodically to improve the PC performance.

Follow the steps below to empty the recycle bin:

A.

Move to the recycle bin as explained earlier.

B.

Press APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 to bring up the context menu.

C.

Press letter B to empty the recycle bin.

D.

Press the key combination command:

ALT + Y to activate yes button.

Creating a password for a file Creating password for a file involves its encryption.

It means preventing other computer users from accessing the content of a file.

It is possible to create a password for specific files on a computer system the same way as creating a password for the entire computer system.

This ensures privacy while working on a public computer system.

Only people with the password can open the file.

Do you like privacy?

So follow this step:

1.

Open the file you want to password 2.

Press ALT key + F.

Followed by I, letter P and letter E.

3.

Type the password and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Type the password again and activate with the ENTER key.

5.

Press the ESCAPE key to return to the print view and press CONTROL + S to save the change.

The procedure above is for Microsoft office word 2016 and 2013.

If you use MS Word 2010 you will have to:

1.

Open the file you want to password 2.

Press ALT + F and press letter E twice 3.

Type your password and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Retype the password and activate with the ENTER key

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5.

Press CONTROL + S to save this change.

Note:

Anytime you want to open this file a dialog box will pop up asking you to open with the password.

It should be noted that you can remove and change the password.

If you want to remove it, carry out the whole process from step one.

Erase the former password with your DELETE key or BACKSPACE key at the point of typing your password.

In case of changing the password of the file, carry out the whole procedure from the beginning to the end again.

Protect Folder with Password There are several ways to protect a folder with a password in Windows.

Unfortunately, the most effective method, and therefore the one that we suggest, involves utilizing a third – party application.

Most file compression and archiving software programs have the ability to do this besides their primary function.

Therefore, we will recommend Winrar.

It’s simple to use and opens any archived file or folder 1.

Look for the folder to be protected with a password.

2.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 for the context menu.

3.

Scroll to ” Add to archive ” with UP or DOWN ARROW key and activate with the ENTER key 4.

Type a new name if you so wish.

Then, move to ” Lock archive ” checkbox with the TAB key and check the checkbox with SPACE BAR key.

5.

Move to “ set password ” with the TAB key and press SPACE BAR key.

6.

Type your choice password.

7.

Navigate to “ Encript archive ” checkbox with the TAB key and check the checkbox with the SPACE BAR 8.

Move to the OK button with the TAB key and activate with the SPACE BAR.

Move to the OK button again with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

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A Winrar archived file is created with the name of the folder or any new name you type in step 4 above having “ rar ” extension.

Anyone attempting to view the files within the archive, as well as anyone attempting to extract the archived files, will be prompted to enter a password.

Only the newly – created archive file is protected by a password.

You need to also delete the original folder.

If you leave the original folder on your computer system, it essentially defeats the purpose of protecting it with a password.

FORMATTING STORAGE DEVICE This is a nice task for wiping everything in a storage device.

It is nice in the sense that it clears up virus and corrupted files and folders from it, and thus makes the device viable for use.

1.

Search for the device to be formatted.

” 2.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10.

3.

Select ” format ” with the arrow key.

4.

Activate with the ENTER key.

5.

Select ” start ” with the arrow key.

6.

Press the SPACE BAR to begin.

7.

Continue with the instructions from your screen reader.

After the whole formatting, you can exit ” computer or open the storage device for use.

SCANNING with Windows Defender The Windows Defender also known as Windows Security comes pre – installed with the Windows 10 Operating system.

It helps in cleaning the PC of virus.

Virus is a deadly program that is capable of destroying the hard disc of a computer or any program or device.

It is necessary to conduct scanning with the viable and strong antivirus at least once in a week.

It is also good to scan any external storage device plug into the pe.

Before opening it for use.

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1.

Search for the device to be scanned in ” This PC.

” 2.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10.

3.

Scroll to ” scan with Windows Defender “ with the UP or DOWN ARROW key.

4.

Activate with the ENTER key.

The procedure outlined above may not be sufficient to deeply scan your computer system.

Therefore, you need to scan the computer through its program interface.

Endeavour your Windows Defender has the latest update and then:

1 Launch Windows Defender or Windows Security 2.

From the application interface, navigate to “ Virus and Threat protection and press the ENER key 3.

Navigate to ” Scan options with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Move to ” full scan ” with the TAB key and check it with the SPACE BAR 5.

Navigate to ” scan now ” button and activate with the ENTER key.

The scanning process will begin and may last for several hours depending on the size and number of items on your computer system as well as other underlining factors.

You can request for the book:

“ COMBATTING VIRUS by Olufemi S.

A Bayode ” to read more on virus.

UNINSTALLING PROGRAMS This is the total removal of programs from your computer system.

This might be necessary for unwanted programs or those that are no more active.

1.

Press the WINDOWS key.

2.

Type control panel ” and activate with the enter key.

3.

Select “ uninstall programs link ” or “ programs and features link ” with the TAB key.

4.

Activate the selection with the ENTER key.

5.

Scroll to any program to be removed with UP or DOWN ARROW key 6.

Activate with the ENTER key.

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7.

Continue with the instruction to be provided by the screen reader.

Note that the instructions to be provided by your screen reader might vary from one installed programme to another.

But whenever you hear words like “ next button, next greater button or continue button ” press your space bar to proceed to the next level or the screen of the uninstallation.

Whenever the whole process is completed, you might also hear words like “ OK button, finish button, close button or exit button.

” Do activate any of these buttons with the SPACE BAR or ENTER key.

Consequently, it is important to listen to every instruction by your screen reader to avoid mistake.

System Restore The system restore in windows makes it possible to row back the computer system to the earlier date when it was functioning well.

This is used to rescue the computer system from all manner of illness emanating from changed setting and software installation.

1.

Press the WINDOWS key for the start windows.

2.

Bring up control panel with the search and hit the ENTER key.

3.

Navigate to “ System and security ” link with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key 4.

Move to “ System ” link with the TAB key and press the ENTER key.

5.

Navigate to “ system protection ” with SHIFT + TAB key and press the ENTER key.

6.

Navigate to “ system restore ” with the TAB key and press the SPACE BAR.

7.

Press ALT + N to activate “ next greater ” button.

8.

Route JAWS to PC with CAPS LOCK + [ ( laptop keyboard layout ) or NUMPAD INSERT + NUMPAD MINUS ( desktop keyboard layout ).

NVDA will need the object review through PAGE UP + NVDA key.

This will enable you pick a restore point.

9.

Scroll to show more restore point ” with the arrow key and route PC to JAWS with CAPS LOCK + APROSTOPHY ( laptop ) or NUMPAD INSERT + NUMPAD PLUS ( desktop ); press SPACE BAR to check “ show more restore point ” then scroll to your desired date

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with the arrow keys.

However, the NVDA user will need to hold down the NVDA key while pressing the arrow key and activate the desired date with NVDA key + ENTER key.

10.

Press ALT + N for next greater ” button.

Navigate to “ finish ” button with the TAB key and press the ENTER key Note:

The system restore does not affect your document files, downloaded programs, music and more.

But you may lose some installed programs and drivers based on the chosen date.

The system restore cannot help get rid of virus on the computer system.

Therefore, you need to get a very viable antivirus and update it before scanning your computer system fully.

PERFORMING disk cleanup Disk Cleanup is a computer maintenance utility fashioned into the Microsoft Office Windows.

It has the capacity to clear unnecessary data / information from the hard disk; thereby creating space for more useful data on the computer’s storage device i.

e.

the hard drive as well as enhancing the system performance.

This utility performs this vital function by first searching and analysing the hard drive for files that are no longer useful; then it permanently deletes them from the disk.

Some of the file categories that Disk Cleanup targets during the initial disk analysis include:

1.

Temporary Windows files II.

Temporary Internet files III.

Setup log files IV.

Recycle Bin V.

Removal of unused applications or optional Windows components VI.

Downloaded program files VII.

Compression of old files

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VIII.

cached Note:

the Temporary Remote Desktop files and Temporary Sync Files may appear only under certain computer configurations, differences such as Windows Operating System and use of additional programs such as Remote Desktop.

The option of removing hibernation data may not be ideal for some users as this may remove the hibernate option.

Consequently, the categories that appear on the Disk Cleanup tab, the More Options tab offers additional tions for freeing up hard drive space through removal of optional Windows components, installed programs, and all but the most recent System Restore point or Shadow Copy data in some versions of Microsoft Office Windows 1.

Move to “ This PC ” and locate your primary or local drive e.

g.

computer hard drive, OS C, local disc C, external hard drive etc.

with the arrow keys 2.

Press the APPLICATION or SHIFT + F10 combination and scroll to “ properties ” with the UP ARROW key.

Then, activate it with the ENTER key 3.

Navigate to “ disk cleanup button ” with the TAB key, then activate with the SPACE BAR, Wait while your computer system is being analyzed.

4.

Scroll through the item listed with the DOWN ARROW key and check all the items that are not automatically check with the SPACE BAR 5.

Move to the ok button with the TAB key and activate with the SPACE BAR.

6.

Move to the delete files button ” with the TAB key and activate it with the SPACE BAR 7.

Move to the ok button with the TAB key and activate it with the SPACE BAR

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MODULE FIVE PRINTING DOCUMENT Printing is a special way of producing ones work in hard copy format.

This could be done through the installed printer software on the computer system.

As we know the regular way of printing so also one can also produce his or her work in Braille.

REGULAR PRINT Make sure that the printer software of the device you are to use is already installed on your computer system.

If it had been verified and it is being connected, proceed by:

1.

Search for the file to be printed.

2.

Open the file with the ENTER key.

3.

Press the key combination of CONTROL + P for print dialog box, 4.

Scroll to the number of copies you will like to print with the arrow key or type it in figure.

5.

Select “ pages per sheet.

” With the tab key and use you’re UP or DOWN ARROW key to select the number of pages you want a paper to contain.

6.

Select ” scale to paper with the TAB key.

” And make sure that focus is on ” no scaling.

” 7.

Move to ok.

Button with the TAB key.

8.

Press the SPACE BAR.

The implication of this action is that the printer will begin to print the file right from the first page to the last page.

PRINTING IN BRAILLE Printing in Braille requires a braille translator software and embosser.

The index Everest Braille embosser is one of the best options in market today as well as Duxt Berry Translator and Winbraille

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software.

The embosser could be viewed as a braille printer.

The braille translator software at the other hand helps to convert Word document to braille.

You must install the Everest embosser’s software driver and the “ DBT10 or later ” on your computer system in line with this lesson.

Hence, printing in braille involves two steps, which are:

A.

Using the Everest braille embosser B.

Embossing and brailling of the document USING THE EVEREST BRAILLE EMBOSSER 1.

Connect the embosser to your computer system and make sure that it’s plugged to electricity 2.

Insert paper into the sheet feeder.

3.

Switch on the embosser.

4 Press the button A to load the setup A.

5.

Press the button on and it will say ” online ” EMBOSSING AND BRAILLING OF THE DOCUMENT 1.

Open the file to be braille.

Do copy or cut it with the respective combination key command.

2.

Search for “ DBT ” and activate it with the ENTER key.

3.

Maximize the “ DBT ” window with the key combination ALT + SPACE BAR key, then follow by letter X 4.

Press the key combination CONTROL + V to paste it in this maximized window.

5.

Press the ALT key and scroll to translate with UP or DOWN ARROW key.

6.

Activate with the ENTER key.

7.

Scroll to ” braille ” with the arrow key and activate it with the ENTER key.

8.

Press the key combination of CONTROL + E to emboss.

The computer system immediately sends the document or file to the embosser, and it brailles all out page by page.

After you are through with the brailling, exit the “ DBT ” with the key combination ( ALT + F4.

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PRINTING FROM EXTERNAL STORAGE DEVICE It is highly possible to print from any external storage device directly without copping such file into the computer system.

This could be in the regular print format or Braille format.

1.

Locate the device containing the file in ” This PC.

” 2.

Activate the device with the ENTER key.

3.

Search for the file to be printed.

4.

Open the file with the ENTER key Now you can continue with any of the printing pattern analysed above from their very first step.

Print to PDF Portable document format ( PDF ) is a file accessible on most digital media.

You don’t worry for many things when you have your file as pdf.

No wonder recent Microsoft Office suite products have the option to save as pdf.

The idea of printing to PDF comes handy when you don’t have any physical printer nearby, perhaps, you’re working online and you need to save a page for printing out later.

Every copy and updated version of Windows 10 allots you the opportunity to print a file as pdf.

This relies on the inbuilt printer named Microsoft Print to PDF.

However, there are other third party applications performing this operation such as Bold PDF, PrimoPDF, PDF Express, etc.

You need to install them or their mother application before use.

1.

Press the keystroke CONTROL + P to evoke the print dialogue on the document you wish to print 2.

Navigate to printer type with the TAB key.

3.

Scroll to the particular printer e.

g.

Microsoft Print to PDF and hit the ENTER key.

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4.

Type your desire name in the save as dialogue box that pops up.

5.

Press the ENTER key.

6.

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MODULE SIX ADJUSTMENT This module covers various changes you can make in Windows to boost your productivity and use of apps.

It features default programs, Microsoft Office Word, Date and time and desktop shortcuts.

You can use the knowledge here to solve problems on other windows OS as well.

Changing Default Program Software installed on the computer system are configured to access certain files.

For example, Adobe Reader is configured to open every pdf file while Photo deals with pictures and graphics.

Regardless the default set by Windows or software publisher, you may change what each program accesses on the computer system.

1.

Press the WINDOWS key to display the search window.

2.

Type Default.

Press the ENTER key on the search result if ” default programs ” or “ default apps ” is in focus, if not scroll to it with the arrow keys and before pressing the ENTER key 3.

Move through the default apps and associated file with the TAB key.

For example, music player:

Window Media Player button.

Press the SPACE BAR on any you wish to change.

4.

Move through the various apps or software programs that can perform the same function with the TAB key and activate your choice with the ENTER key.

5.

You choice will replace the former default app set for the task.

You may navigate to the next default set you wish to change with the TAB key and activate with the SPACE BAR.

Then carry on with the step 4 above.

6.

Exit with ALT + F4 when you are done.

Note:

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When you observed that the default app you choose is still selective ( it works with some files and doesn’t work with other despite the fact that they belong to the same family ).

You need to make it the default app for those type of files by:

1.

Navigate to choose default app by file type ” with the TAB key after opening the default app setting in step 2 above.

2.

Activate with the ENTER key.

3.

Navigate to the particular file type with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Navigate to your choice of app with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

Changing the Language of Inbuilt Checker This change could be necessary for people who use a peculiar English that is different from the default setting of the MS.

Word.

This is the reason why the in – built checker normally sees any word that is not conforming with this default language as mistake.

e.

g.

if you are typing in British English and the default language of the MS.

word is English US.

Every word not confirming with this will be regarded as mistake.

However, you have the liberty to change the default language of your MS.

word to suit your taste.

1.

Open the file you wish to adjust for the in – built checker.

2.

Press ALT, follow by letter R.

to select ” review tab.

” 3.

Select ” language ” with the TAB key.

4.

the ACE BAR 5.

Use letter E.

to select ” English U.

K ” 6.

Select ” default .

.

.

” with TAB key.

7.

Activate it with the ENTER key.

8.

Select “ yes ” with the arrow key and press SPACE BAR.

9.

Select “ ok ” with the TAB key and activate with the SPACE BAR.

Note that this will also cause changes to the original template of the MS.

Word which is the default language setting.

But this procedure can only work as outlined in MS Word 2007.

The MS word

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2010 and later have a unique features which will make you to follow the procedure below to achieve the same objective:

1.

Press the key combination command ALT + R to select “ review tab.

” 2.

Press letter U to select and activate “ language menu button drop down.

” 3.

Select “ set language proofing .

.

.

” with UP or DOWN ARROW key and activate with the SPACE BAR 4.

Select your desire language with arrow keys or first letter navigation.

5.

Select ” set as default button ” with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

6.

Press ALT + Y to activate the “ yes button.

” 7.

Press the SPACE BAR to activate the ” OK button.

” Note that you can change to any language of your choice both in MS Word 2007, 2010 and 2013 with the explanation above by selecting such language with its first letter or the arrow keys, and this will be registered in the memory of the computer as its default template for subsequent files ADJUSTING DATE AND TIME 1.

Press the key combination of WINDOWS KEY + B to navigate to the notification area chevron button ” of your pc.

2.

Select the current time display with the UP or DOWN ARROW key.

3.

Press the ENTER key.

4.

Select “ Change date / time settings ” with TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

5.

Activate change date and time .

.

.

” with the SPACE BAR 6.

Select the actual date with the arrow keys and press the tab key.

7.

Type the hour in figure or select with the arrow key and press the TAB key.

8.

Type the minute in figure or select with the arrow key and press the TAB key.

9.

Type the second in figure or select with the arrow key and press the TAB key.

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10.

Select the time marker with the arrow key.

11.

Select “ ok ” with the TAB key and activate it with the SPACE BAR 12.

Select ” ok ” with the TAB key again and activate it with the SPACE BAR.

Create Desktop Shortcut Generally, shortcuts allows you to quickly launch programs and open files and folder on the computer system.

It saves you the stress and time to navigate through many steps before having things done.

For example, locating items in “ This PC ” involves many steps.

Won’t it be cool to create a desktop shortcut for it to make it quick to access.

1.

Press the keystroke WINDOWS key + R for the run dialogue.

2.

Type:

shell:

appsfolder 3.

Press the ENTER key.

This will open the list of every app on the computer system, 4.

Look for the program you want on the desktop e.

g.

This PC with the arrow keys or first letter navigation 5.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 for the context menu.

6.

Scroll to create shortcut ” with the UP ARROW key and press the ENTER key.

7.

Press the keystroke ALT + Y to activate yes when the screen reader says:

” Windows cannot create shortcut here, do you want it place on the desktop instead?

” The shortcut is automatically created on the desktop.

You are to move to the desktop Anytime you want to access it.

So, you may close the appls ‘ folder with ALT + F4.

Reset Windows key + E Action Since the era of Windows XP till Windows 8.

1 the keystroke WINDOWS key + E opens directly to ” My Computer ”, “ Computer ” or “ This PC ” by default.

This makes access to system folders, Local disc and removable discs easier and quicker.

But this is different on Windows 10 because the keystroke action opens to “ Quick Access ”.

The Quick Access has its own advantage because it gives access to most recently opened items and frequent folder.

This is of no importance when the file or folder is not in the list

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of recent items or frequent folder.

Should you want the keystroke WINDOWS key + E to behave as on older operating system, follow this procedure:

1.

Press the keystroke WINDOWS key + E to open file explorer.

2.

Press the keystroke ALT + F, and then press letter for file and folder options.

3.

Ensure you are on the “ General tab ” of the multi – tab dialogue box and locate “ Open file explorer to ” combo box.

Then choose “ This PC ” with the arrow key.

4.

Navigate to the “ OK ” button with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

Note:

Each time you press the keystroke WINDOWS key + E it will always open to “ This PC ”.

You may also decide to change it to how it was at any time.

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MODULE SEVEN WORKING WITH MUSIC AND VIDEO PLAYER Working with music and video files is a way of manipulating the windows for entertainment.

Through this task, it is possible to play copy or send such files.

This section of the book will take us through the process of doing this.

It could be automatically or manually done.

Playing Audio and Video CD The auto play task can enhance the quick selection of button for initiating “ play ” command.

The steps below will teach us how to handle auto play dialog box:

1.

Insert the cd.

Into the drive perfectly.

Wait a minute for the auto play dialog box to display.

2.

Scroll to “ play with— “ with UP or DOWN ARROW key.

3.

Activate with the ENTER key.

Result is that the computer will be playing the CD.

With the selected player.

This is also good for pc.

With many players.

Whenever the auto play dialog box displays, one will have to select the command for play attached to the choice of player.

But in a situation whereby the auto play dialog box does not display for any reason, you will have to:

1.

Navigate to “ This PC * and open it.

2.

Scroll to ” audio cd or DVD ” with your arrow keys 3.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 and scroll to “ play ” with the arrow keys 4.

Activate with the ENTER key.

The result is that the computer will be playing the cd.

Automatically.

But in a case of playing a specific video or music file in the CD or DVD.

You will have to select ” open ” rather than “ play ”.

Then you will select your choice from the list of files on the cd / DVD and activate with the ENTER key.

One may also need to carry out some tasks if the CD / DVD audio or video file is dormant:

A.

Select the device through “ This PC.

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B.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10.

C.

Scroll to ” open with submenu ” or ” open auto play ” D.

Select the player you want to use.

With the arrow key.

E Press ENTER key.

Copying Audio and Video Files Just as the playing process, whenever you insert your cd.

Into the drive, there are some buttons that will pop up automatically e.

g.

play audio cd.

Using window explorer, copying audio cd.

Using window media player.

But in case of copying such files, you can select the command with copy and activate with the enter key or do the following whenever the auto play dialog box does not pop up:

1.

Navigate to “ This PC and open it 2.

Scroll to the DVD attached to the name of that which you want to copy 3.

Press the key combination of CONTROL + C.

4.

Search for the place you want to put the copied file and activate it with the ENTER key if you are not copying directly to the desktop.

5.

Press CONTROL + V to paste it.

Playing Saved Audio and Video Files Ability to play music and video files is not limited to DVD, CD or USB.

This task is also possible for saved music and video files that have been copied or downloaded to the PC.

Therefore, the steps below will serve as a guide for you in doing this:

1.

Search for the music or video file.

2.

Activate with the ENTER key.

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If you want to play all music files in a particular location without you making selection, you will have to:

a.

Go to the folder or the main location of the files where you can view all the music files.

b.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10 without opening the folder.

c.

Scroll to your choice of player with the arrow keys.

d.

Activate with the ENTER key.

Recording Audio Files It is possible to record sound from the environment into one’s computer system as if one is recording with audio tape recorder.

Every PC does come with a sound recorder that makes this easy to perform.

This audio files may be played later or copied to any external storage device.

For a successful recording of audio files, please follow the procedure outline below:

1.

Press the WINDOWS key 2.

Type recorder ” in the search window 3.

Ensure Voice recorder or sound recorder is in the focus and press the ENTER key.

4.

Press the SPACE BAR key to activate “ start recording ” 5.

Press the key combination of ALT + F4 to close the recorder when you’re done.

6.

Press the key combination of ALT + Y to save the recorded sound.

7.

Type the name you want the file to bear and activate with the ENTER key.

Sending Audio and Video File through Blue Tooth It is possible to send music and video files to other devices besides those present on one’s pc such as phone memory cards, mp3 player or other computers.

This could be done through numerous devices like the blue tooth, infrared, USB storage devices and memory card reader.

But we will be focusing on blue tooth.

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Before you can make use of the blue tooth transfer, you must be sure that your computer system is having the facilities to send and receive data and file through such means.

To enable easy transfer of file, one must first add the blue tooth device systematically to the PC.

Most especially if he had not used such with the computer system before.

1.

Press the key combination of WINDOWS KEY + B to go to the notification area chevron button ” on the task bar 2.

Press the SPACE BAR 3.

Scroll to ” blue tooth button ” with the UP ARROW key.

4.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10.

5.

Choose ” add blue tooth device.

” 6.

Activate with the ENTER key.

7.

Check for the blue tooth device you want to connect to with the arrow keys.

Now that the blue tooth had been added to the Pc.

Network connection, you will have to:

1.

Search for the file you want to transfer or send.

2.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10.

3.

Scroll to send to submenu ” with UP or DOWN ARROW key and press the enter key.

4.

Scroll to ” blue tooth ” with the arrow key and press the enter key, 5.

Choose the particular blue tooth device you are sending to with the arrow key and activate with ENTER key.

Transferring Audio and Video Files to External Devices Transferring audio and video files involves sending them to other locations.

This suggests sending files through different means other than blue tooth.

The common means used is USB cord You must have a USB enabled device and cord to perform this operation.

The USB ports of your computer system must be functional as well.

Having ensured these, follow the simple steps below to transfer your files:

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1.

Connect your device e.

g.

phone or external hard drive to the computer via the USB cord.

Press the OK button on your device if prompted.

2.

Search for the file you want to transfer and press the APPLICATION key of SHIFT + F 10.

3.

Scroll down to send to submenu ” with the DOWN ARROW key and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Scroll down to your device name in the list presented with the DOWN ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key.

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MODULE EIGHT SPECIAL DICTIONARY AND SOFTWARE WORDWEB IDCTIONARY AND THESAURUS WordWeb as a thesaurus / dictionary software application can helps in looking up words from almost any program.

It can find series of related words besides word’s definition.

WordWeb database has over one hundred and sixty thousand root words and two hundred and twenty two thousand senses, many proper nouns, pronunciations, and usage tags.

WordWeb works off line, nevertheless, you can also quickly view Web references such as the Wikipedia encyclopedia while you are connected to the internet.

WordWeb application is very accessible for all popular screen readers today.

Both the information window and menus are easily read aloud by screen readers.

Keyboard users are able to navigate different areas in the application via the standard navigation keys e.

g.

TAB key, arrow keys, etc.

its installation and activation is also easy as its use.

You can launch the application from the list of installed programs / apps on your computer system or any other place you have its shortcut icon.

However, you may launch it from the system tray or through the default keystroke CONTROL + ALT + W if it hasn’t been altered or replaced with another.

Searching for Word Definition 1.

Navigate to the system tray by pressing the key combination command WINDOW’S KEY + B to move to the notification area chevron button; and activate with the SPACE BAR.

2.

Scroll to WordWeb button with UP or DOWN ARROW key and activate with the SPACE BAR.

3.

Type your search term in the edit field and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Press the TAB key twice to view the displayed meaning; and read through with the arrow keys.

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5.

Press the ESCAPE key to close the application window and minimize it to the system tray.

Should you want to look up another word in the application, navigate to the edit field with TAB key or SHIFT + TAB key.

Then, repeat step 3 and 4 above.

You may also check up the same word from additional dictionary in the application.

Thus, you must have installed these dictionary bundles in the Wordweb software.

• Having launched WordWeb, type the word in the edit field.

• Press the TAB key once, then, scroll to the desired dictionary with LEFT or RIGHT ARROW key.

• Press the TAB key once and read through with the UP or DOWN ARROW key.

• Navigate to the edit field with TAB key or SHIFT + TAB key to type a new word or press the ESCAPE key to close the application and minimize WordWeb to the system tray.

Searching Word Definitions from another Application The WordWeb application gives users the privilege to quickly look up definition or meaning of any word or phrase from another application such as Microsoft Office Word, Adobe Reader, Notepad and other word processing application.

Users don’t have to literarily type or copy and paste the words or phrases into the WordWeb.

The application picks the word automatically and displays its meaning.

1.

Move to the particular word you wish to look up in the file.

2.

Press the keystroke CONTROL + ALT + W to launch Wordweb.

3.

Press the TAB key twice to view the displayed meaning.

Then, read through with the arrow keys.

4.

Press the ESCAPE key once to return to the file while WordWeb will be minimized to the system tray.

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You can also read the meaning of any word or phrase in the added dictionary in the WordWeb application.

Just move to the particular word or phrase, then, press the keystroke CONTROL + ALT + W to launch WordWeb.

Press the TAB key once and scroll to the desired dictionary with the LEFT or RIGHT ARROW key.

Then press the TAB key once and read through with the standard reading keys.

NOTE:

You can check synonyms of words viewed from other applications or typed words in the edit field by pressing the ENTER key, then, navigate with the TAB key to the area where different similar words are displayed.

Hence, read down with the DOWN ARROW KEY.

Searching Word Definition in Full Text Also, you can search word definition in full text.

This pattern displays all instances of the word or phrase in the dictionary.

To perform this type of search, you have to:

1.

Launch the WordWeb application.

2.

Press the keystroke ALT + S then, letter t follow by letter U for ” full text search ”.

3.

Type the word in the edit field and hit the ENTER key.

4.

WordWeb displays the instances of the typed word immediately the scan completes.

Read through in your most convenient way.

5.

Navigate to the close button and activate with the SPACE BAR key when you are done reading.

6.

Press the ESCAPE key to minimize Word Web to the system tray.

Search for Word Definitions and Articles Online 1.

Launch the WordWeb application 2.

Type your search term in the edit box and activate with the ENTER key.

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3.

Press the TAB key once, then scroll to Wikipedia or wiktionary with your LEFT or RIGHT ARROW KEY.

4.

Press the TAB key once to load the information page.

5.

Navigate and read through with the standard reading keys.

Note:

The information page is a typical web page.

It’s segmented into headings.

You can use your navigation quick keys to move around different element on the page such as H for headings, B for buttons, L for lists, and so on.

Should you want to search new word, use the search edit field on the page or:

• Press the keystroke ALT + S follow by letter D for dictionaries.

More about internet is covered in the next module.

.

Press the TAB key to WordWeb and hit the ENTER key.

• Navigate to the search edit field with SHIFT + TAB key or TAB key.

• Type the new word or phrase and press the ENTER key.

• Then, continue from the step 3 above.

• Close the application with the keystroke ALT + F4 when you are done.

The ability to quickly look up any word or phrase from any application is also available in the online feature.

You may use Wiktionary or Wikipedia by:

1.

Leave focus on the word or phrase to be looked up.

2.

Press the keystroke CONTROL + ALT + W to view it in the WordWeb.

3.

Press the TAB key once, then, scroll to Wikipedia or Wiktionary with LEFT or RIGHT ARROW key.

4.

Press the TAB key to load the information page.

5.

Navigate and read through using your basic navigation and reading techniques for browsing the internet.

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You may search for another word or phrase with the explanation in the previous set of information or close the application.

Please, do note that you must be connected to the internet before you can use this online feature.

OCR / OpenBook Software Optical character recognition ( OCR ) software helps to convert handwriting, typed print or images into machine – decoded text.

This software permits the editing of such materials.

It also enhances the digitalisation of such material.

The advent of the OCR software creates access to information for persons with visual impairment.

They are able to read up information in newspaper, passport, textbooks, magazines, just to mention few through screen readers installed on computer system as well as the refreshable braille display.

However, some OCR software have synthetic voice that reads aloud the captured material which makes it handy for persons with visual impairment, e.

g.

OpenBook.

Other OCR available in the market today are; TextBridge, Omnipage.

Expervision’s Typereader, Abby FineReader, ReadIris, etc.

The OpenBook software is a scanning and reading application software developed by the Freedom Scientific.

It has the capacity to read aloud the hard copy of any given materials after scanning using its inbuilt voice.

Thus, you must have any contemporary scanner or pearl reading camera by the Freedom Scientific to enjoy the functionality of this amazing software.

OpenBook software program can open almost all file formats in our today’s world.

You can edit these files and translate them into other formats like; DOC, TST, DUXT, RTF, and so on.

You can also use the dictionary to check meaning and synonyms of words while reading

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Aquiring Document with Openbook Software The previous lesson reveals the powerful features of the OpenBook software.

Thus, this lesson focuses scanning for the purpose of reading a printed document.

The procedure outline below will teach the easiest way of doing this using the OpenBook software.

1.

Connect your scanner or pearl reading camera to the computer system.

2.

Launch the OpenBook software 3.

Press the SPACE BAR key to acquire a page.

A dialog box to select device might display if you are using the software for the first time.

So:

A Press the TAB key once and scroll to the connected device with the UP or DOWN ARROW key B.

Move to the ok button with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

C.

The scanning begins immediately, and OpenBook announce to you that:

“ scan initiated ” The OpenBook reads aloud the particular scanned page to you when it is completed.

You can stop the reading with the CONTROL key.

Then turn the document to the next page and press the SPACE BAR for acquisition.

Save the file when you’re done with the key combination CONTROL + S before exiting the software with ALT + F4.

Opening and Editing Document Every acquired document via the OpenBook software has the file extension “ obs ”.

They are saved in its default library, “ My OpenBook document ”.

You must get to this default library to retrieve any of these files.

Yu may also use the Open Book software to open any file format such as pdf, jpg, rtf, html, tst, etc.

Hence, edit them and the ones acquired with the OpenBook software.

Just follow the steps below to perform this.

1.

Launch the openBook software.

2.

Press the ALT key to bring up the menu and scroll down to ” open .

.

.

” with the arrow key.

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3.

Press the TAB key to move to the “ file type ”.

Then, choose any file format you want to open e.

g.

word document.

doc, text file.

tst, Adobe portable file format pdf, etc.

with the arrow keys or first letter navigation 4.

Press the TAB key to get to look in ” combo box where you can select the location and scroll to the file.

E.

g.

scroll to Desktop with the UP ARROW key and activate with the ENTER key; then, scroll down to another icon on the Desktop and activate it with the ENTER key.

5.

Scroll to the desirable file and activate with the ENTER KEY.

6.

Press the key combination command CONTROL + E to switch to the edit mode.

Read through with your arrow keys and make necessary corrections.

7.

Save your work with the key combination command CONTROL + S.

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MODULE NINE BROWSING THE INTERNET The internet is a global consortium of network links by common communication programs and protocols.

This is an established systematic application of science that allows interaction of different computers.

It enables someone to communicate with people in another area of location.

It is simply described as you and I side by side although in separate distant location.

This lesson had been structured to work with the JAWS and NVDA screen reader.

Any other user may consult his or her product dealer for information.

The JAWS 2019 and NVDA 2019.

3 or later version is the design of this section.

Therefore, we have tried to let other users of JAWS version below this benefit from this lesson by stating what they will do without conflict with these versions.

The pop sound when entering or navigating a web page is a sign of automatic activation of the JAWS form mode for edit field and dialog box while NVDA gives a distinct sound to indicate ” focus mode ”.

Please, get the book:

“ BIG TIME ON THE WEB by Olufemi S.

A.

Bayode ” for extensive training on surfing the internet.

Conducting Searches on the Internet This gives access to information on a particular subject or field.

To a great extent is essential for research purposes.

Although there are lot of search engines on the internet designed for this purpose e.

g.

Google, Wikipedia, ask, answer, etc.

so, if you are to make any search on the internet, you will have to utilize any of them by:

1.

Launch your web browser:

Google Chrome.

2.

Press the key combination CONTROL + L to move to the address bar.

3.

Type any of the search engine e.

g.

www.

google.

com and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Type your search term in the “ search edit field.

” 5.

Activate with the ENTER key.

6.

Search for any interested links heading with letter H.

7.

Activate with the ENTER key.

8.

After loading press CONTROL + HOME to go to the top of the page.

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9.

Search for the earlier activated link with letter H.

10.

Read down with your standard reading keys.

You can also copy any interesting part of the information to your PC.

To do so, you will:

a.

b Move to the first character of the entire information intending to copy Press SHIFT + PAGE DOWN continuously until all desired parts have been selected.

Press CONTROL + C.

c d Launch the Microsoft word.

e.

Press CONTROL + V to paste your selection.

f.

Press F12 to save it.

You might close the saved file or search for another information to be copied again in the same file.

But always remember to save any important changes you are making to the file with CONTROL + S by subsequent copping and pasting.

Logging on the Gmail Account 1.

Launch your web browser:

Google Chrome.

” 2.

Press the keystroke CONTROL + L to go to the address bar and type www.

gmail.

com there.

3.

Type your “ user name ” when the page opens 4.

Press the TAB key to select “ password ” edit field and type in your password.

You may need to locate “ next ” and activate it before the password field shows up.

5.

ess the ENTER key to log into your account.

If wrong user name or password is being used, you will not be able to log on so you will need to start again with step 3.

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Checking and Reading Mail The Gmail inbox opens automatically each time you log on to the website.

This presents your Gmail account in basic HTML or standard view.

Checking and reading mail after the successful logging into your account requires the simple procedure below:

1.

Move to the “ table ” with the list of mails in your inbox with letter T.

2.

Press the ENTER key on the subject of any mail to open it for reading.

Don’t press the ENTER key on the “ sender ID ” with the checkbox.

This will only highlight the mail.

3.

Navigate through various headings with letter H to look for the heading with the subject you activated and read down from that point with your standard reading keys.

After reading the mail and you want to read another mail, move back to your inbox by pressing the key combination command of ALT + LEFT ARROW.

Then, scroll through your mails with the arrow keys to read anyone again.

Anytime you are confused with the reading procedure, you will have to start again from the beginning.

Note:

Messages having attachment are displayed as a link with their names after the subject link.

Having opened the mail for reading, to download this attachment:

A.

Scroll to “ scan and download ” or ” download attachment ” with your DOWN ARROW key.

B.

Activate this with the ENTER key.

After the whole process of checking and reading mail, you may decide to sign out by:

A.

Press INSERT + F7 for the JAWS link list dialog box.

The NVDA user only needs to jump to the top of the Inbox with CONTROL + HOME key.

B.

Use the arrow key to search for the name used in opening the gmail account and press the ENTER key.

The NVDA user may press letter G or K few times to locate this name before activating with the ENTER key.

C.

Scroll to the sign out button ” with the DOWN ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key

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The result is that you have signed out automatically.

You can open another website or exit the web browser.

Note:

signing out is only necessary when you are through with everything on your Email.

Replying Mail After reading your mail, you may want to reply the same sender of the mail.

So, you will have to follow the steps below:

1.

Activate the “ reply ” beneath the mail you just read with the ENTER key.

2.

Changing the automatic filled “ subject ” is by typing the new subject after your screen reader had announced the subject to you.

3.

Move to the message body edit field with the TAB key.

4.

You can begin with a new line by pressing the ENTER key and read through with your arrow keys after typing.

5.

Select “ send button ” with the TAB key.

6.

Activate with the ENTER key.

Note:

You may locate an edit field for quickly replying to mail by pressing letter E.

Activate the field with the ENTER key and type your message.

Navigate to the ” send ” button with the TAB key and activate it.

You may want to verify if the message had been sent successfully, so:

A Press INSERT + CONTROL + F for JAWS and NVDA find dialog box.

B.

Type “ sent ” C.

Press ENTER key to jump to where the message is placed.

D.

Read the result with your arrow keys.

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Note that the mail form of reply is not completely blank because the sender to, e mail address, subject and RE.

Indicating reply will display on the screen.

But these cannot interfere with the main message you are writing.

You can also make changes to subject of the mail form as explained above.

Sending Mail After the successful login on and signing in, you are to:

1.

Select “ compose button ” with letter B or ” compose mail ” with the key combination command of ALT + SHIFT + C depending on your default account view on gmail.

2.

Activate with the ENTER key.

3.

Type the e mail address of the receiver correctly in the ” to edit ” and make correction with DELETE key or BACK SPACE if necessary.

4.

Press the TAB key to select subject ” and type it.

5.

Press TAB key again to get to the message body edit field.

6.

Type the message, read with the navigation keys and make correction with DELETE key and BACK SPACE for excellent work.

7.

Select ” send button ” with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

This automatically results to the sending of the mail.

Note:

If you want to verify the place you are after selecting and activating the “ compose button ” A.

Press the TAB key to select “ subject edit.

” B.

Press SHIFT + TAB key to return to the ” to:

” edit.

If you intend sending the same message to other addresses rather than that alone:

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A.

Select ” CC.

edit ” or ” BCC.

Edit ” with the TAB key.

B.

Activate either of your selection with the ENTER key C.

Type the E mail addresses and separate them with comma.

D.

You can now select “ subject ” with the TAB key.

E.

Continue with the step six of the sending mail.

Sending Email Attachment We often share files with friends by sending or transferring them through Bluetooth and USB cable.

The sender and the receiver stay at the same location to exchange these files because their devices can only communicate over a short distance.

This means a receiver that is very far from a sender cannot receive anything.

However, communication over a wide or large area network makes files sharing possible among people regardless location and distance.

Sending email attachment is a typical example of file sharing.

It is a way of sending computer files such as images, videos, audios, software applications and so on to people via email.

An email attachment is any of these files sent along with an email message.

You can attach one or more files to any email message, and be sent along with it to the recipient.

Should you want to send an email attachment, please follow this:

1.

Scroll down to the compose button ” with the DOWN ARROW key or letter B and activate with the ENTER key.

You can also press the key combination ALT + C to activate “ compose mail ” depending on the default view of your Gma 2.

Type the recipient email address and press the TAB key to navigate to the subject edit field.

3.

Type the subject 4.

Move to ” attach file / brows ” button and activate it with SPACE BAR or ENTER key 5.

Navigate to the triview with the TAB key.

6.

Use your arrow keys or first letter navigation to locate the file you want to attach.

7.

Press the ENTER key.

8.

Search for the “ message ” edit field to type your thought although not mandatory.

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9.

Navigate to the “ Send ” button and activate with the ENTER key.

The mail is sent with the attached file.

Hence, you can sign out, check mail, reply or compose a new mail.

Face Book Sign Up Face book allows interaction with people around the globe.

It helps in linking one to old friends and enables making new ones.

One can also benefit in this enormous opportunity of meeting loved ones by signing up:

1.

Launch your web browser:

Google Chrome.

2.

Press the key combination command CONTROL + L to go to the address bar.

Type m.

facebook.

com at the edit field.

And activate with the ENTER key 3.

Press the key combination of CONTROL + HOME to go to the top of the page.

Then, scroll down to create account ” link with the DOWN ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key.

4.

Press the letter E to select the form field for your first name and fill it 5.

Move to the surname / last name edit field with the TAB key and type it.

6.

Move to the email / phone number edit field with TAB key and type it.

7.

Press the TAB key to move to the sex combo box and choose with the UP or DOWN ARROW key 8.

Move to the birthday field with the TAB key and use the arrow keys and TAB key to complete this field 9.

Move to the password edit field and type it.

10.

Select ” sign up button ” with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

11.

Continue with other instructions to be provided by your screen reader.

Note:

it is save and easier to use another password that is different from your email password.

But it is evident that you must use an email address that has not been used by anyone on the Face Book.

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Status Update Your status updates are things written on your wall or timeline post.

You can post pictures, text or link to any information, audio, video, ap, just to mention few on your wall.

Your friends on Facebook see things on your timeline.

They can share, like or comment on any while you do same for theirs.

1.

Launch Google Chrome and type m.

facebook.

com in the address bar.

2.

Activate with the ENTER key.

Then, wait for the page to load.

3.

Log in to your Facebook account with your Email / phone number and password.

Wait for your screen reader to announce the headings frames and links on the page to you 4.

Keep pressing letter E until you get to ” Write a post ” edit field and activate with the ENTER key 5.

Type your thought and make any necessary correction as you desire.

6.

Move to “ post button ” with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

The post is published on your timeline / wall as the page reloads.

All your friends on Face Book will see the post.

They can like, comment or share it.

You can also check your post and posts from others on Face Book by:

1.

Move to the top of the page by pressing the key combination command CONTROL + HOME key.

2.

Press 3 to move to the first post at the heading level 3.

Then, read down with the DOWN ARROW key.

There are some links beneath each post.

You can activate any of them as you wish.

These include:

Like- to endorse a post; React- presents you with options to show your feeling for a post such as love, like, sad, angry, wao, etc.

Comment- as the word implies, add a thought and read what other people said about the post;

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Full story – read the entire post; Share- to republish the post on your timeline / wall for your Face Book friends.

Chatting and Sending Messages on Facebook Chatting and messaging is a way of communicating with your Face Book friends.

This could be via text, link, picture, audio and video sharing.

However, there’s difference between chatting and messaging as implied here on FaceBook.

Choosing ” Chat ” link reveals your friends currently online while ” Message doesn’t.

The option chatting provides the recipient name i.

e.

the Face Book friend’s name is filled already, but you must supply the receipient name for the option of messaging Every conversation under “ Chat ” and “ Message ” appears under the message link.

So, you don’t miss any conversation regardless the link you choose.

Hence, the chatting procedure is presented below:

1.

Log on to the web site m.

facebook.

com 2.

Type your ID, your email / phone number and password at the edit field.

3.

Select “ log in ” with the tab key and activate it with the space bar.

4.

Scroll down to “ Chat ” with the DOWN ARROW key and activate with the ENTER key.

Alternatively, you can press the key combination ALT + 6 to activate the “ Chat ” link.

5.

Scroll down with the DOWN ARROW key to see the list of your friends currently online.

6.

Activate any of them with the ENTER key to begin chatting.

The page reloads and presents you with the new view of chatting with that person.

7.

Press letter E for edit field and activate with the ENTER key.

8.

Type your thoughts and make corrections.

9.

Move to the send button with the TAB key and activate with the ENTER key.

The process of sending message is relatively similar.

Just take a look and follow the procedure below:

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1 After the successful logging in to your FaceBook account, Scroll down to “ Message ” link with the DOWN ARROW key and activate it with the ENTER key.

Alternatively, you can press ALT + 4 to open the message link.

2.

Scroll down to send new message ” link with the DOWN ARROW and activate with the ENTER key.

3.

Type the person’s name at the edit field and activate with the ENTER key.

Then, the FaceBook page reloads and searches for a match 4.

Scroll down with the DOWN ARROW key to see the result and activate the appropriate name with the ENTER key.

The page reloads and present you with the new view for messaging the person.

5.

Press the tab key to get the edit field for text.

6.

Type your message, read through and make corrections, 7.

Select “ send button ” with the tab key and activate with the SPACE BAR or ENTER key You may also like to view different messages of friends sent to you so:

A.

Press ALT + 4 for the message link.

B.

Select list of messages with the down arrow key.

Each message is presented with the sender’s name and few lines from its content.

C.

Activate any of these senders with the enter key to read his / her message.

D.

Use the edit field beneath the message to respond without going to the “ send new message ” link Logging out the Face Book This is necessary after searching for friends, chatting, reading, etc.

before closing the web site.

1.

Press CONTROL + HOME to move to the top of the page.

2.

Scroll down to the FaceBook logo, ” graphic FaceBook ” and activate it with the ENTER key.

3.

Press CONTROL + END to jump to the buttom of the page.

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4.

Scroll up to the logout button with the UP ARROW key and activate with the ENTER key.

This will log you out.

You can close the web site by pressing CONTROL + W.

Taking Online Examination Learning on the internet is possible for every individual with sight problem as well as online test and examination.

The first thing is to obtain permission from the administrator and the service provider.

One will also have to be aware of all the links on the web page involved and the title of the exam or test page.

Consequent upon the above, use this link to download a simulated online test page:

https:

//drive.

google.

com/file/d/0B5MISTIUGUXoYmhjTEhhNnowTWM/view?

usp=drivesdk Unzip the file, copy and paste the folder in the document folder of your computer system then, follow the procedure below:

1.

Open the folder:

e – learning module for testing, press the SPACE BAR key to select:

“ login details ” 2.

Press the APPLICATION key or SHIFT + F10, scroll down to open with submenu ” with the DOWN ARROW key and activate with the ENTER key 3.

Scroll down to Google Chrome with the arrow keys and activate with the ENTER key.

4.

Type your first name in the Username edit field and press the TAB key.

5.

Type a7f6 in the password edit field and activate with the ENTER key 6.

This automatically takes you to the question page.

Then, begin your exam by reading downwards with your arrow keys and selecting your choice of answer with the enter key.

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Make sure that you are at the point where you hear check box not check before you select an answer attached to the check box, without which your choice will not be picked.

At the bottom of your exam page you will see “ submit button ” activate this button with the SPACE BAR to submit your answers.

Note:

This text page is a structure of a typical exam page on any E – learning page.

Some e – learning pages may have validate answer button, valedictory, end test button or sub button, just ion few.

This is usually located at the bottom of the entire question.

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Appendix Functions of major keys:

ESCAPE key:

Cancel command F1:

Visit Microsoft Office Online help system F2:

Move text or graphics.

F2 F4:

Repeat the last action F5:

GO to page command F6:

Go to the next pane or frame F7:

Choose the Spelling command ( Review tab ) F8:

Extend a selection F9:

Update the selected fields F10:

Show Key Tips F11:

Go to the next field F12:

Choose the Save As command TAB key:

Navigate through different panes and areas within the window and application, also functions paragraphing in the Microsoft Office word CAP’S LOCK:

Typing in capital or upper case letter SHIFT:

Typing in captal or upper case letter, generating operational signs and some punctuation marks as well as modifier key for selection and highlighting CONTROL:

Modifier key for some basic keyboard commands

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FN key:

second function key or improve action WINDOW:

Takes you to the start window or search window ALT:

Bring up the menu command of the application or program SPACE BAR:

Activate command, controls and buttons.

Also used to space within characters and words within the Microsoft Office word application APPLICATION key:

bring up the context menu.

Performs the function of the right click of a mouse.

ENTER key:

Activate command, controls and buttons.

Also used for discontinuing a line to begin a new paragraph within the Microsoft Office word DELETE:

Erase mistakes forward BACK SPACE:

Erase mistake backward INSERT key:

Also known as the JAWS key or NVDA key depending on the screen reader in operation.

It is a modifier key for specific functions within the JAWS and NVDA screen reader application.

HOME:

Moves to the beginning of item in a row or line within Microsoft Office word END:

Moves to the end of a row or line within the Microsoft Office word PAGE UP:

Moves up PAGE DOWN:

Move down ARROW keys:

Moves in the four directions SOME MICROSOFT WORD SHORTCUT KEYS Control + A is to select all text, files and folders.

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Control + B is for bolding Control + c is to copy Control + D is font dialogue Control + e is centralizing Control + f is find dialog box.

Control + g is go to Control + h is find and replace dialog box.

Control + I is italics Control + j is justify.

Control + k is hyperlink.

Control + 1 is align left Control + m is for indenting paragraph from the left Control + n is new blank document.

Control + o is open.

Control + p is print.

Control + q is for removing paragraph formatting.

Control + r is align right.

Control + s is save.

Control + t is for hanging indent.

Control + u is underlining Control + v is paste.

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Control + w is close.

Control + x is cut.

Control + y is redo Control + z is undo Control + home is for going to the top of the file.

Control + end is for going to the bottom of the file.

Control + left arrow is for going a word backward.

Control + right arrow is for going a word forward.

Control + up arrow is for going a paragraph upward.

Control + down arrow is for going a paragraph downward.

Control + page up is for going to the previous page Control + page down is for going to the next page.

Control + gulf is for single open quote.

Control + apostrophe is for single closing quote.

Control + enter key is for page break.

Control + back space is for erasing a word backwards.

Control + delete is for erasing a word forward.

Control + left bracket is for decreasing font size 1 point.

Control + right bracket is for increasing font size 1 point.

Control + 1 is for single line spacing Control + 2 is for double line spacing.

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Control + 5 is for one and half [ 1.

5 ] line spacing Visit http:

//www.

sinconline.

com.

ng/resources to download the complete list of keystrokes and keyboard command for Windows, Microsoft Office Word, JAWS and NVDA.

List of relevant books Basic Computer Operation for Learners with Visual Impairment ( Windows 8 and 8.

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